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(lä-vwä-zyā′), Antoine Laurent 1743-1794.
French chemist who isolated the major components of air, disproved the phlogiston theory by determining the role of oxygen in combustion, and devised a system of chemical nomenclature. Lavoisier was executed during the Reign of Terror.


(French lavwazje)
(Biography) Antoine Laurent (ɑ̃twan lɔrɑ̃). 1743–94, French chemist; one of the founders of modern chemistry. He disproved the phlogiston theory, named oxygen, and discovered its importance in respiration and combustion


(ˌlɑv wɑzˈyeɪ, ləvˈwɑz-)

Antoine Laurent, 1743–94, French chemist.
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Noun1.Lavoisier - French chemist known as the father of modern chemistry; discovered oxygen and disproved the theory of phlogiston (1743-1794)
References in classic literature ?
Somewhat; I know Lavoisier, and was the intimate friend of Cabanis.
Doubtless a vigorous error vigorously pursued has kept the embryos of truth a-breathing: the quest of gold being at the same time a questioning of substances, the body of chemistry is prepared for its soul, and Lavoisier is born.
If it prove a mind of uncommon activity and power, a Locke, a Lavoisier, a Hutton, a Bentham, a Fourier, it imposes its classification on other men, and lo
The American chemist, who worked for DuPont when she synthesised the first liquid crystal polymer 1965, is the company's only female employee to be awarded its Lavoisier Medal for outstanding technical achievement.
An appendix offers 10 more entries on historical figures, such as Robert Boyle, Antoine Lavoisier, and Linus Pauling.
Actor Martin Pelletier of Quebec City plays the French chemist Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier at Attraction chimique.
Roberta Baxter's FIRE, WATER AND AIR: THE STORY OF ANTOINE LAVOISIER (1599350874) tells of a wealthy Frenchman who planned to become a lawyer, but who curiosity about science led him to pursue chemistry as his career.
Named for Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier and Benjamin Franklin, this prize recognizes "unusually meritorious efforts in the preservation or promotion of the entwined scientific heritage of France and the United States.
Lavoisier Medals Awarded For Replacement Technology for CFCs and Invention of Tough, Lightweight Polymers
Frenchman Antoine Lavoisier discovered the life-giving oxygen in air, and scientists used information from 19th-century theorist Svante Arrhenius to demonstrate how carbon dioxide traps heat in the atmosphere.
The authors also carefully demonstrate the influence of Starkey on successors such as Wilhelm Homberg and even Antoine Lavoisier.
In addition to experimenting in a home lab (conveniently located near the back garden, so that if something caught fire "I could rush outside with it and fling it on the lawn"), he studied and greatly admired the early chemists such as Robert Boyle, Antoine Lavoisier, Humphry Davy, and Marie Curie.