Lebanon


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Lebanon

Leb·a·non

 (lĕb′ə-nən, -nŏn′)
A country of southwest Asia on the Mediterranean Sea. The site of ancient Phoenicia, the region was gradually absorbed by the Persian Empire and later conquered by Alexander the Great. Eventually it came under Roman control and was Christianized before the Arab conquest of the 7th century. Part of the Ottoman Empire from the early 16th century, Lebanon became a French League of Nations mandate after World War I and proclaimed its independence in 1941, although full self-government was not achieved until 1946. Tensions between Christians and Muslims led to civil war (1975), which finally came to an end in 1990. Beirut is the capital and the largest city.

Lebanon

(ˈlɛbənən)
n
(Placename) the Lebanon a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: an important centre of the Phoenician civilization in the third millennium bc; part of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 until 1919; gained independence in 1941 (effective by 1945). Official language: Arabic; French and English are also widely spoken. Religion: Muslim and Christian. Currency: Lebanese pound. Capital: Beirut. Pop: 4 131 583 (2013 est). Area: 10 400 sq km (4015 sq miles)

Leb•a•non

(ˈlɛb ə nən, -ˌnɒn)

n.
a republic at the E end of the Mediterranean, N of Israel. 3,562,699; 3927 sq. mi. (10,170 sq. km). Cap.: Beirut.
Leb`a•nese′ (-ˈniz, -ˈnis) adj., n., pl. -nese.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lebanon - an Asian republic at east end of MediterraneanLebanon - an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean
tabbouleh, tabooli - a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
Asbat al-Ansar, Band of Partisans - an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda
Abu Nidal Organization, ANO, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-RC, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims - a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries; "in the 1980s the Fatah-RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group"
Force 17 - formed in 1972 as a personal security force for Arafat and other PLO leaders; became one of PLO's elite units; has built an extensive infrastructure of terrorist cells and weapon depots in Europe while attacking Israeli targets
Hezbollah, Hizballah, Hizbollah, Hizbullah, Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, Lebanese Hizballah, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, Party of God, Revolutionary Justice Organization - a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon
Jabat al-Tahrir al-Filistiniyyah, Palestine Liberation Front, PLF - a terrorist group formed in 1977 as the result of a split with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; became a satellite of al-Fatah; made terrorist attacks on Israel across the Lebanese border
Popular Struggle Front, PSF - a terrorist group of radical Palestinians who split with al-Fatah in 1967 but now have close relations with al-Fatah; staged terrorist attacks against Israel across the Lebanese border
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Bayrut, Beirut, capital of Lebanon - capital and largest city of Lebanon; located in western Lebanon on the Mediterranean
Tarabulus, Tarabulus Ash-Sham, Trablous, Tripoli - a port city and commercial center in northwestern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea
Saida, Sayda, Sidon - the main city of ancient Phoenicia
Sur, Tyre - a port in southern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea; formerly a major Phoenician seaport famous for silks
Byblos - an ancient Mediterranean seaport that was a thriving city state in Phoenicia during the second millennium BC; was the chief port for the export of papyrus; located in Lebanon to the north of Beirut; now partially excavated
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Lebanese - a native or inhabitant of Lebanon
Translations
Libanon
Libanon
Libano
Libanon
लेबनान
Libanon
Libanon
Libano
レバノン
레바논
Liban
Libanon
Libanon
ประเทศเลบานอน
nước Libăng

Lebanon

[ˈlebənən] N the Lebanonel Líbano

Lebanon

[ˈlɛbənən] nLiban m
in Lebanon → au Liban

Lebanon

n the Lebanonder Libanon

Lebanon

[ˈlɛbənən] n (the) Lebanon(il) Libano

Lebanon

لِبْنَانٌ Libanon Libanon Libanon Λίβανος Líbano Libanon Liban Libanon Libano レバノン 레바논 Libanon Libanon Liban Líbano Ливан Libanon ประเทศเลบานอน Lübnan nước Libăng 黎巴嫩
References in classic literature ?
THAMMUZ came next behind, Whose annual wound in LEBANON allur'd The SYRIAN Damsels to lament his fate In amorous dittyes all a Summers day, While smooth ADONIS from his native Rock Ran purple to the Sea, suppos'd with blood Of THAMMUZ yearly wounded: the Love-tale Infected SIONS daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions in the sacred Porch EZEKIEL saw, when by the Vision led His eye survay'd the dark Idolatries Of alienated JUDAH.
Individuals had come from the rich establishment at Lebanon, from Canterbury, Harvard, and Alfred, and from all the other localities where this strange people have fertilized the rugged hills of New England by their systematic industry.
TO THE RED-HEADED LEAGUE: On account of the bequest of the late Ezekiah Hopkins, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, U.
We are in Syria, now, encamped in the mountains of Lebanon.
The rest of us had nothing to do but look at the beautiful city of Beirout, with its bright, new houses nestled among a wilderness of green shrubbery spread abroad over an upland that sloped gently down to the sea; and also at the mountains of Lebanon that environ it; and likewise to bathe in the transparent blue water that rolled its billows about the ship (we did not know there were sharks there.
we came to a halt here on the breezy summit of a shapely mountain overlooking the sea, and the handsome valley where dwelt some of those enterprising Phoenicians of ancient times we read so much about; all around us are what were once the dominions of Hiram, King of Tyre, who furnished timber from the cedars of these Lebanon hills to build portions of King Solomon's Temple with.
An old man named Daniel Baker, living near Lebanon, Iowa, was suspected by his neighbors of having murdered a peddler who had obtained permission to pass the night at his house.
From Belleville, we went on, through the same desolate kind of waste, and constantly attended, without the interval of a moment, by the same music; until, at three o'clock in the afternoon, we halted once more at a village called Lebanon to inflate the horses again, and give them some corn besides: of which they stood much in need.
Returning to Lebanon that night, we lay at the little inn at which we had halted in the afternoon.
Canaan) reviews the history and politics of Lebanon in five periods: Origins, Before And After the War, The Mandate Years, Three Phoenician Currents and, lastly, The Adversaries.
Hizbullah undoubtedly has engaged in acts of terrorism, the most notorious being the 1983 bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut, but its role in Lebanon has long been more complex than that of an armed militia.
Disarming Hezbollah, which started as a resistance movement to fight the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon in 1982, does not seem in the offing.

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