spirochaete

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spirochaete

(ˈspaɪrəʊˌkiːt) or

spirochete

n
(Microbiology) any of a group of spirally coiled rodlike bacteria that includes the causative agent of syphilis. See treponema
[C19: from New Latin spīrochaeta; see spiro-2, chaeta]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spirochaete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
order Spirochaetales, Spirochaetales - higher bacteria; slender spiral rodlike forms
treponema - spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
borrelia - cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete - cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
leptospira - important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp.
Spirochete organisms are classified into 3 groups: Spirochaetaceae, Leptospiraceae and Brachyspiraceae (2).