The new law, then, required women who were suspected of being 'common prostitutes' to undergo compulsory medical examination; if they were found to be venereally diseased they were sent to a lock hospital where they had to remain till cured.
Lowndes was a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and Surgeon to the Liverpool Police and the Liverpool Lock Hospital at the time of the publication of his book on prostitution and venereal disease in Liverpool in 1886.
For this reason, lock hospitals
, among which the London Lock Hospital
(LLH) is worth highlighting, started to emerge in different British cities.
The power of public opinion is amply demonstrated by the unsuccessful efforts to fund the Lock Hospital
in eighteenth-century Dublin as the contemporary moral attitude was that the disease was self-inflicted.
Introduced during the 1860s as a form of state regulation of prostitution to control the spread of venereal diseases, it gave magistrates the power to order an examination of prostitutes for symptoms of VD and detain infected women in lock hospital
for three months to be cured.
Siena's careful narrative demonstrates how this institutional response began with the foul wards of the Royal Hospitals, expanded with the workhouses' assumption of responsibility for the afflicted poor, culminating with the opening of the London Lock Hospital
Roy Porter on John Marten and his medico-sexual works, Philip Wilson on the treatment of syphilis in London, Marie McAllister on the attempt to find a cure through 'vegetable syrup', an alternative medicine, Mary Stewart on venereal disease within marriage, especially the case of Lady Frances William, Barbara Dunlop on syphilitic children, Merians on the London Lock Hospital
, a charity hospital specifically for the treatment of venereal disease, that treated 26,800 patients in 1747 1800, Betty Rizzo on 'decorums' for dealing with the disease, a dissection of the privileging of male, aristocratic sexual licence, N.
The role played by local laws in the containment of this public vice and of the Liverpool Lock Hospital
in the treatment of the diseases considered to be the result of prostitution will be analysed in the light of Lowndes' text and ideas.
The Westmorland Lock Hospital
, which treated women suffering from venereal diseases, is one of the few Dublin hospitals without an institutional history.
The London Lock Hospital
was one of the specialized hospitals created in the eighteenth century and run by public subscription for the treatment of venereal disease in men and women.
The author chooses to concentrate on three institutions, Dublin's Lying-in (Rotunda) Hospital, the Westmoreland Lock Hospital
and the Hospital for Incurables.
Hunter said research has shown that irrational, unexamined racial biases were demonstrated by doctors, politicians and bureaucrats who designed the Lock hospitals
and lazerets (segregated hospitals) established to house Aboriginal people in Australia who were thought -- wrongly -- to be responsible for outbreaks of sexually transmitted diseases.