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 (lo͞o′pər-kā′lē-ə, -kāl′yə)
A fertility festival in ancient Rome, celebrated on February 15 in honor of the pastoral god Lupercus.

[Latin Lupercālia, from Lupercus, Roman god of flocks.]

Lu′per·ca′li·an adj.


n, pl -lia or -lias
(Historical Terms) an ancient Roman festival of fertility, celebrated annually on Feb 15. See also Saint Valentine's Day
[Latin, from Lupercālis belonging to Lupercus, a Roman god of the flocks]
ˌLuperˈcalian adj


(ˌlu pərˈkeɪ li ə, -ˈkeɪl yə)
n., pl. -li•a, -li•as.
a festival held in ancient Rome on the 15th of February to promote fertility and ward off disasters.
References in periodicals archive ?
It probably originates from a pagan fertility festival in pre-Roman times called Lupercalia, which spread across the Roman Empire, including much of the UK, and eventually became a day of remembrance for St Valentine Nobody knows exactly who St Valentine was, although some historians suggest he was a Roman martyred in the third century AD by a Roman Emperor.
com)-- How Saint Valentine's Day came about is something of a mystery- some believe it replaces the pagan feast of Lupercalia, some believe it is because birds begin to couple off in February ready for the first sign of spring.
Some believe that the feast was created by the Christian church to overshadow a pagan celebration that took place during the period from 13 to 15 February, known as Lupercalia.
When Christianity arrived in Rome, religious leaders decided to incorporate some pagan traditions like the raucous Roman festivals of Saturnalia and Lupercalia into the new faith -- a far easier task than abolishing them outright.
Some say that Valentine's feast day is celebrated in February because the church wanted to Christianize an ancient Roman pagan festival called Lupercalia, which centered around fertility and purification, and also took place in February.
Valentines and the festival of Lupercalia to the mix.
Historians believe that the reason his name became connected with a special day for lovers is because the date of his martyrdom, February 14, falls in the middle of the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia which celebrated fertility.
Wolf is enjoying a sizzling-hot afternoon in West Hollywood, having just embarked on an acoustic tour of the United States ahead of the domestic release of his latest album, Lupercalia, a collection of mostly upbeat songs.
Check out his latest album, the gloriously-titled Lupercalia (a Roman festival celebrating, among others, the she-wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus) for a taste of what's in store.
More restrained and straightforward than previous albums, Lupercalia is joyous pop.
Valentine's Day isn't a day that was ever to do with love: in fact it all started from Lupercalia an ancient fertility festival where men went around spanking women to improve their fertility.