They cover considerations for applying process technologies in laboratory-scale and pilot-scale biocatalysis for chemical synthesis; cytochrome P450 progress in biocatalysis for synthetic organic chemistry; using hydrolases and related enzymes for synthesis; non-redux lyases
and transferases for forming bonds of carbon with carbon, oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen; oxidations; reductions; halogenation and dehalogenation; cascade reactions; and biocatalysis for industrial process development.
Pectin lyases are significant compared to that of PG and PE in capability to undergo [beta]-elimination mechanism to degrade highly esterified pectins (present in fruits) into small molecules without producing methanol (7).
Bacillus cereus GS-2 isolated from fruit industrial dump site effectively produces pectin lyase (PL) and Polygalacturonase (PG).
Among the depolymerases, polygalacturonase is the major enzyme with a hydrolytic function and lyases (or transeleminases) which cleaves glycosidic bonds forming unsaturated product[DELTA](4,5-D-galacturonate) through transelimination reaction .
Pectin lyases are the only known pectinases capable of degrading highly esterified pectins (like those found in fruits) into small molecules via [beta]-elimination mechanism without producing methanol.
The aim of this project is to provide training in the multidisciplinary fields of organic chemistry, bio-catalysis, molecular biology, biochemistry and microbiology to design and develop artificial cascades by combining various types of enzymes such as L-amino acid oxidases, alcohol dehydrogenases and lyases
He covers chiral discrimination in the active site of oxidoreductases, transferases and chiral discrimination, the influence of chirality on the hydrolysis reactions within the active site of hydrolases, the influence of chirality on the reactions in the active site of lyases
, and chiral discrimination in the active site of ligases.
Genomic and functional characterization of the oas gene family encoding O-acetylserine (thiol) lyases, enzymes catalyzing the final step in cysteine biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana.
O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase is a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme, and a lysine residue at the N-terminal region of this protein is involved in binding this cofactor (Saito et al.
These enzymes are grouped into six classes: hydrolases (including proteases, amylases and lipases that break down the main nutrients - fats, carbohydrates and proteins), isomerases, ligases, lyases
, oxidoreductases and transferases.
Other biocatalysts, including monoamineoxidases, aminotransterases, and lyases
CHAPTER 8 SYNTHESIS OF CYANOHYDRINS USING HYDROXYNITRILE LYASES