(redirected from Macronutrients)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.


 (măk′rō-no͞o′trē-ənt, -nyo͞o′-)
A substance required in relatively large amounts for the normal growth and development of an organism. Macronutrients for animals include fat, carbohydrate, and protein, while for most plants they include chemical elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus.


(Biochemistry) any substance, such as carbon, hydrogen, or oxygen, that is required in large amounts for healthy growth and development


(ˌmæk roʊˈnu tri ənt, -ˈnyu-)

1. any of the nutritional components required in relatively large amounts: protein, carbohydrate, fat, and the essential minerals.
2. any of the chemical elements required by plants in relatively large amounts: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.


- One required in relatively large amounts by organisms, e.g. carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
See also related terms for organism.
References in periodicals archive ?
The labels would provide consumers in the United States with product information including alcohol content, the amount of alcohol per serving, and the amount of macronutrients like carbohydrates and calories present in all beer, wine and spirits products.
The burgeoning science of macronutrients in medicine, neuroendocrinology, and psychiatry often is contradictory and confusing ("Add On Fish for Postpartum Depression?
There are three macronutrients which make up our diet.
Future research, beside considered micronutrients and macronutrients requirements, should also incorporate more goals in the model like: biological values of food commodities with respect to content of fats, carbohydrates and amino acids, content of antioxidants in food commodities and maximum food budget.
Our approach is likely to be only of short-term benefit because, at some point, the benefits of weight loss alone trounce any benefits derived from manipulating dietary macronutrients such as calories and carbohydrates.
The results further showed that P and K were the macronutrients present with comparatively higher absolute concentrations while Ca showed the lower quantitative concentration.
All patients, whether following high- or low-carbohydrate or high- or low-protein and fat diets, transcend to a moderate intake of all macronutrients at the end of 12 months.
Interview responses and seven-day dietary records were analyzed for the intake of energy, fats, fiber, carbohydrates, and other macronutrients.
The scientific papers cover the three macronutrients carbohydrate, fat and protein, plus an additional chapter on water, together with the final concluding comments about practical nutritional recommendations for the athlete that summarizes the ways in which the technical scientific content from the workshop can be implemented.
This study attempted to provide information about the actual intake of macronutrients by both elderly males and females of 60-80 years from central India and the interrelationship between the socioeconomic as well as dietary pattern with macronutrient intake.
The major macronutrients - protein, carbohydrate and fat - are essential to health and well-being.
The aim of this study was to determine the association between foods, macronutrients and micronutrients and the evolution of multimorbidity.