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A country of southeast Asia consisting of the southern Malay Peninsula and the northern part of the island of Borneo. Malays probably moved into the peninsula c. 2000 bc, eventually reaching northern Borneo and displacing the indigenous Dayaks. Europeans established colonies starting in the 1500s. By the 1900s, Great Britain had established protectorates throughout the lower peninsula, which later formed the Union (1946) and then the Federation (1948) of Malaya. Gaining independence in 1957, it joined with Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak to become the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. Singapore seceded from the federation in 1965. Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the largest city.
Ma·lay′sian adj. & n.
(Placename) a federation in SE Asia (within the Commonwealth), consisting of Peninsular Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula, and East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), occupying the N part of the island of Borneo: formed in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sarawak, Sabah, and Singapore (the latter seceded in 1965); densely forested and mostly mountainous. Official language: Malay; English and various Chinese and Indian minority languages are also spoken. Official religion: Muslim. Currency: ringgit. Capital: Kuala Lumpur. Federal seat of government: Putrajaya. Pop: 29 628 392 (2013 est). Area: 329 847 sq km (127 355 sq miles)
Ma•lay•sia(məˈleɪ ʒə, -ʃə)
1. a constitutional monarchy in SE Asia: a federation, comprising Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. 21,376,066; 127,317 sq. mi. (329,759 sq. km). Cap.: Kuala Lumpur.
Ma•lay′sian, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Malaysia - a constitutional monarchy in southeastern Asia on Borneo and the Malay Peninsula; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957|
godown - (in India and Malaysia) a warehouse
al-Ma'unah - a radical insurgent Islamist group consisting of disaffected middle-class professionals in Malaysia who want to overthrow the government by violent means and set up an Islamic state
Islamic Community, Islamic Group, Jemaah Islamiyah, JI, Malaysia Militant Group, Malaysian Mujahidin Group - a clandestine group of southeast Asian terrorists organized in 1993 and trained by al-Qaeda; supports militant Muslims in Indonesia and the Philippines and has cells in Singapore and Malaysia and Indonesia
ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations - an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism
Indochina, Indochinese peninsula - a peninsula of southeastern Asia that includes Myanmar and Cambodia and Laos and Malaysia and Thailand and Vietnam
East Malaysia - the part of Malaysia that is on the island of Borneo
West Malaysia - the region of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula
Malay, Malayan - a member of a people inhabiting the northern Malay Peninsula and Malaysia and parts of the western Malay Archipelago
Malaysian - a native or inhabitant of Malaysia
Malaysia[məˈleɪzɪə] N → Malaisia f
n → Malaysia nt