By dispossession I mean that this 1946 case was the precise historical moment when the long process of dispossessing the Malecites became complete.
In the course of a long life Peter Louis Paul (1902-1989) gained renown as a consultant on the language, ethnology and craft of Malecites, the St John valley tribe of Amerindians.
Here Malecites maintained a council fire and constructed a stockade, probably for protection against raiding Mohawks; and here, from 1717 to 1767, stood the first Christian chapel in what is now New Brunswick.
Certainly Medoctec would have seemed an advantageous spot both for the presence of the abandoned but still-standing chapel and because it contained many cleared acres, where Malecites had grown corn for generations.
At some point the Malecites did assert their claim to Medoctec.
While none of the rest can be accepted as accurate in a literal sense, from the whole one can infer: that Malecites were claiming Medoctec, that the settler community was alarmed, and that government responded by sending someone to reach an accommodation.
Then it would "appropriate" to the Malecites a tract measuring 200 rods along the river and half a mile in depth "for the sole use of the said Indians and their Posterity forever".
It is sufficient to say that ownership of the site became contested once again, so that by 1841 the province's first Indian commissioner found only 29 Malecites in residence.
11) In the result, government simply abandoned the Medoctec site to settler claimants and in 1851 provided Malecites with a new, smaller lot some kilometres upriver, approximately where the Lower Woodstock reserve remains today.
After the Legislature imposed in 1888 a three-year moratorium on the taking of big game, Malecites petitioned for an exemption, protesting that they "now find it very hard indeed to subsist through the long and cold winters on being entirely deprived .