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A country of western Africa. The site of several powerful states, including the Mali (flourished 14th century) and the Songhai (flourished 15th-16th century), Mali became part of French West Africa in the 19th century and achieved independence in 1960. Bamako is the capital and the largest city.
Ma′li·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a landlocked republic in West Africa: conquered by the French by 1898 and incorporated (as French Sudan) into French West Africa; became independent in 1960; settled chiefly in the basins of the Rivers Senegal and Niger in the south. Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority, also animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Bamako. Pop: 15 968 882 (2013 est). Area: 1 248 574 sq km (482 077 sq miles). Former name (1898–1959): French Sudan
Republic of, a republic in W Africa: formerly a territory of France; gained independence 1960. 10,429,124; 478,821 sq. mi. (1,240,140 sq. km). Cap.: Bamako. Formerly, French Sudan.
Ma′li•an, n., adj.
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|Noun||1.||Mali - a landlocked republic in northwestern Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; Mali was a center of West African civilization for more than 4,000 years|
Bamako - the capital of Mali; located in the south on the Niger
Timbuktu - a city in central Mali near the Niger river; formerly famous for its gold trade
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Malian - a native or inhabitant of Mali