Even in dealing with ordinary sensation we are constantly coming upon sources of error, such as malobservation
, illusion, and hallucination.
The consensus of modern forensic opinion is that SHC does not occur, that what appear to have been veridical cases are the results of malobservation
, exaggeration, factual distortion, and deliberate falsification.
Although he believes that defenders of survival have successfully counteracted the standard skeptical dismissals based on fraud, malobservation
, misreporting, and crytomnesis (hidden memories), he thinks that they have failed to appreciate four other problems--those of super-psi, dissociation, the limits of human abilities, and deep psychological motivation.