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 (măl′thəs), Thomas Robert 1766-1834.
British economist who wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), arguing that population tends to increase faster than food supply, with inevitably disastrous results, unless the increase in population is checked by moral restraints or by war, famine, and disease.

Mal·thu′sian (-tho͞o′zhən, -zē-ən) adj. & n.
Mal·thu′sian·ism n.


the theories of Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), English economist, stating that population growth tends to increase faster than production and that food and necessities will be in short supply unless population growth is restricted or war, disease, and famine intervene. — Malthusian, n., adj.
See also: Economics
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.malthusianism - Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistenceMalthusianism - Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistence
economic theory - (economics) a theory of commercial activities (such as the production and consumption of goods)


[mælˈθjuːzɪəˌnizəm] Nmalt(h)usianismo m
References in periodicals archive ?
discussed: Malthusianism, Marxism, and Sen's entitlement failure
But Countdown is a population book, and I hate Malthusianism.
As a radical Tory, besides the Biblical teachings, he drew upon the writings of Carlyle, Owen and the experience of the Middle Ages, thus standing against Malthusianism whose emphasis was upon scarcity of resources.
Economism and asceticism: here are two orders of ideas and phenomena, seemingly perfectly alien to one another, which in the nineteenth century were--in a perfectly superficial and crude manner--drawn together in Malthusianism.
Both State economic/development models and the rules of scarcity move together to justify Malthusianism.
The character of Ebenezer Scrooge is generally supposed to be a personification of Malthusianism, and the stonehearted Thomas Gradgrind in Hard Times has actually named one of his children Malthus, presumably for readers who did not take the hint from Gradgrind Sr.
It is, for instance, a relief to find not one trace of Malthusianism in this document.
While Malthusianism held sway among the political economists, there were other public intellectuals who posited that Ireland was poor because of neglect and under-development, not overpopulation.
Demands of Adam Smith and his ilk toward the end of the 18th century for stable institutions, well-defined property rights, low inflation, low taxes, free markets, and avoidance of war could have made no difference to living standards in the Malthusianism period which continued up to 1800 or could even have lowered such living standards by increasing population.