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A member of a former military caste, originally composed of slaves from Turkey, that held the Egyptian throne from about 1250 until 1517 and remained powerful until 1811.

[French mameluk, from Arabic mamlūk, slave, Mameluke, passive participle of malaka, to possess; see mlk in Semitic roots.]

Mam′e·luke′ adj.


(ˈmæməˌluːk) or




1. (Historical Terms) a member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811
2. (Military) a member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811
3. (Historical Terms) (in Muslim countries) a slave
[C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess]


(ˈmæm əˌluk)

also Mamluk,

1. a member of an Egyptian military class, originally slaves, in power from about 1250 to 1517 and influential until 1811.
2. (l.c.) (in Muslim countries) a slave.
[1505–15; < Arabic mamlūk literally, slave, derivative of malaka to possess]
References in periodicals archive ?
Qani-Bay Al-Rammah Mosque on the obverse of LE 200 - Beshoy Fayez Qani-Bay Al-Rammah Mosque Islamic architecture reached its peak during the Mamluk era.
1517: The Ottoman Empire defeated (and ended) the Mamluk Sultanate at the Battle of Ridanieh and took control of Egypt.
Spanned over 20 million sqft, Knooz Al Sharq City will reflect the traditional lifestyles of three Islamic eras - Ottoman, Mamluk and Ummayad dynasty which ruled the Muslim for hundreds of years.
Loubaba Mamluk, senior research associate in epidemiology at the University of Bristol in the UK and lead author of the paper, said in an email.
Lead researcher Dr Loubaba Mamluk said: "We found limited evidence for a causal role of light drinking in pregnancy compared with abstaining.
Developing Perspectives in Mamluk History: Essays in Honor of Amalia Levanoni
The exhibition also contains a piece of wood dating back to the Mamluk period, as well as other parts from the 19th century.
The martial nature of Mamluk society might lead to a supposition that its members preferred wreaking havoc to engaging with creativity, especially since the regime was regularly punctuated by coup plots, uprisings and purges, as well as wars against neighbouring states.
This book provides a plethora of information about Islamic attitudes to people with disabilities, particularly during the Mamluk and Ottoman periods.
Additionally, there is a distinct Turkish-ness to the mosques, perhaps a result of his bias--intended or otherwise --towards his homeland, as opposed to the architectural styles of the Mamluk Sultanate, which had controlled Egypt for the previous three centuries.
However, Christie argues that Mamluk encounters with the Franks had not been unremittingly hostile, as there were short periods of friendly relations between the Mamluk rulers and the Franks.
The antiquities of Gaza date back as to the Bronze Age, times of Islamic conquests, Roman, Rashidun rules and Arab dynasties such as the Umayyad, Crusade, Ayyubid, Monghol, Mamluk, Ottoman, Egyptian rules, Israeli and British occupation of the strip.