In the study of fornix stimulation in AD patients, volume changes of fornix and mammillary bodies
were highly correlated with hippocampal volume change after fornix stimulation, which strongly suggests the critical role of Papez circuit in memory function regulation.
These findings agree with postmortem diagnosis of WE, often requiring evidence of lesions in the mammillary bodies
and periventricular areas (e.
6) Here, MRI findings may show hyperintense T2 lesions in mammillary bodies
, medial thalami, tectal plate, periaqueductal area.
Dysmorphic osseous characteristics of the sacrum include colinearity of the upper portion of the sacrum and the iliac crests, presence of mammillary bodies
at the sacral ala, noncircular anterior sacral foramina, residual upper sacral discs etc.
Participants were instructed via MTS training on five brain structures in the limbic system: amygdala, fornix, mammillary bodies
, hippocampus, and cingulate cortex.
Regarding the mammillary bodies
, group differences were found in medial lateral nucleus, F(2, 41) = 238.
Other common space-occupying effects of intracranial aneurysm include visual field deficits (contralateral homonymous hemianopia) in relation to compression of the optic tract, mental derangements if the aneurysm compresses the mammillary bodies
, and pituitary insufficiency if the aneurysm grows into the sella turcica .