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Related to Manichaeanism: Manichaean, Pelagianism, Neoplatonism, Donatism, Gnosticism, Manichæan


 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaeanism - a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
References in periodicals archive ?
Both of these were written late in Augustine's life, the latter when he was responding to accusations by Pelagians that he still had not shaken off the yoke of Manichaeanism.
In the past, a strong vein of Manichaeanism in the early church led to a disregard of the material world in favor of the realm of the Spirit.
22) Overall, melodramatic narratives should be seen as tools which can categorize people, behaviors, and relationships into the Manichaeanism camps of good and evil because there is no gray area or doubt permitted in which those actions or people will enjoy dual citizenship or identity.
The chief interest of Manichaeanism is that it attracted nine years devotion on the part of the young Augustine before his incipient dissatisfaction with Its intellectual limitations was consolidated by the sermons of Ambrose.
The central doctrine of Manichaeanism rests on a cosmological dualism: evil and good operate as equally potent forces and the universe serves as a backdrop for the great battle between them.