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Related to Manichaeism: Donatism, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Pelagianism


 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.


(ˈmænɪkiːˌɪzəm) or


1. (Other Non-Christian Religions) the system of religious doctrines, including elements of Gnosticism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Buddhism, etc, taught by the Persian prophet Mani about the 3rd century ad. It was based on a supposed primordial conflict between light and darkness, or goodness and evil
2. (Theology) chiefly RC Church any similar heretical philosophy involving a radical dualism
[C14: from Late Latin Manichaeus, from Late Greek Manikhaios of Mani]
ˈManichee n

Manichaeism, Manicheism, Manicheanism

1. the doctrines and practices of the dualistic religious system of Manes, a blending of Gnostic Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and other elements, especially doctrines of a cosmic conflict between forces of light and darkness, the darkness and evilness of matter, and the necessity for a sexual, vegetarian asceticism.
2. any similar dualistic system, considered heretical by orthodox Christian standards. Cf. Gnosticism. — Manichean, n., adj. — Manicheistic, adj.
See also: Heresy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaeism - a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"


Manicheism [ˌmænɪˈkiːɪzəm] Nmaniqueísmo m
References in classic literature ?
Unhappily he had no one to tell him that this was rampant Manichaeism, else he might have seen his error.
In actual fact, the revocation, at the end of the movie, of the Western Manichaeism regarding the notions of good and evil, and the accomplishment of the unification of the two antagonistic forces (Kirikou-sorceress) underscores, in some way, the hybridization process at the heart of postcolonial theory while repudiating the destructive ethnic, linguistic, geographical, and religious boundaries strategically imposed on African populations by the European colonizer.
In order to avoid such a long account, this essay will endeavour to narrow its focus to explore the manner in which Tolkien presents monsters, and will argue that there is a significant strain in Tolkien which artistically aims to present evil as having an overwhelming presence and power, but that this does not signify a latent Manichaeism in Tolkien's mythology.
His narration recalls how he was raised a Christian before becoming attracted to Manichaeism in his teens; he also explored the neo-Platonic philosophies of Plotinus before returning to Christianity in his thirties.
In Search of Truth': Augustine, Manichaeism and Other Gnosticism: Studies for Johannes van Oort at Sixty (reprint, 2011)
There were also very ancient traditions like Manichaeism, Nestorian Christianity, Yezidism, Zoroastrianism and others which mostly got crushed under the footsteps of intolerance and persecution.
169) Christianity, Zoroastrianism (Foltz,2010,58) Manichaeism, Islam and Judaism, (Foltz,2010,57) all spread across Eurasia (Chouvy, 2009, p.
But the more important information was that Xi'an welcomed different religions and philosophies like Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, Nestorianism and Manichaeism.
At its core, anti-Semitism is a form of Manichaeism, a dualistic worldview that surmised a relentless either-or-struggle between the principles of good and evil.
73) It appears safe to assume that during the lifetime of Kartir, who was a contemporary of Mani, in Manichaeism this practice was probably nonexistent or, at most, in its infancy.
Manichaeism gives equal power to Satan and to God, as if the devil were God's evil twin.
Apart from the special syntax and lexis of the "langue de bois", that can be recognized from the very beginning of any text written in this manner, it presents another special feature, namely, manichaeism.