consisted of his personal political prejudices and a revolutionary ideology based on Marxism -- Leninism adapted to Chinese conditions.
Glover also runs into some trouble in considering the contentious examples of Stalinism, Maoism
, and Nazism.
In some countries, Maoism
became a very significant movement.
, and nativism are criticized from an experiential perspective, with anecdotes that suggest that these are merely distortions at a cognitive level.
By tracing the roots of Maoism
back to Stalin, and Stalin only (Mao is reported to have considered Sun's theories, but to have rejected them), and by proving the faithful application of Sun's theories in Taiwan, he also suggests that Taiwan is ipso facto the only true heir of the Chinese national spirit.
retained the statist slant in the standard term funu, understood as a woman emancipated from traditional marital practices and footbinding, and participating in class-based politics.
When we look back at some of their disastrous results, such as Nazism, Stalinism, and Maoism
, we can see why diversity has come to be widely preferred to them.
His reasoning, so far, is not that different from Gandhi's in unmasking the violence of British imperialism or the students in Tiananmen Square unveiling the brutality of Chinese Maoism
Anne de Sales's characterisation of the active insurgents (`The Kham Magar Country, Nepal: Between Ethnic Claims and Maoism
became a state ideology that precipitated a number of revisions in China's world role, such as resistance to Soviet hegemony, intensification of social change inside China during the Cultural Revolution, and eventually the detente relationship with the United States to ease tensions in world politics.
Sometimes this nihilism manifests itself in a godless ideology such as Naziism, Stalinism, Maoism
, and down the line of murderous ideologies.
Some radicals, however, may be disappointed by his apparent conflation of socialism with the historical experience of Chinese and Soviet Communism: his apparent concession that the horrors of Maoism
and Stalinism have 'invalidated' socialism, ignores the true diversity and breadth of socialist movements--often resolute in their opposition to totalitarianism--while ignoring the ensuing consequences of, say, Pinochet for the legitimacy of capitalism.