privateering

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pri·va·teer

 (prī′və-tîr′)
n.
1. A ship privately owned and crewed but authorized by a government during wartime to attack and capture enemy vessels.
2. The commander or one of the crew of such a ship.
intr.v. pri·va·teered, pri·va·teer·ing, pri·va·teers
To sail as a privateer.

privateering

Activities by armed but privately owned vessels commissioned for war service by a government. Really a species of legalized piracy.
References in classic literature ?
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
29) Hugo Grotius, considered by many to be the father of the modern Law of Armed Conflict, noted that letters of marque and reprisal are endorsed by the entirety of the law of nations.
To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water.
Barreme (3) is the phrase in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that immediately follows the grant to Congress of the power "To declare War"--namely, the power to "grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water.
The Constitution grants Congress the exclusive power not only to declare war but "to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations," and to "grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water.
As in the early years of our nation, Congress could issue letters of marque and reprisal authorizing private parties--individuals or corporations--to go after pirates and/or terrorists.
Constitution of granting letters of marque and reprisal to private actors to pursue pirates.
Issuance of letters of marque by Congress authorizing action against terrorists responsible for attacks on American interests, under the constitutionally enumerated congressional powers to "define and punish piracies" and to "grant letters of marque and reprisal.