The bottom of YFG stationery from communication in 1940, after the publication had finally been completed, described the Yehoash Bible as "the only complete classic Yiddish translation of the Bible true to the Massoretic
Test and the Qumran Scrolls: A Study in Orthography.
5) Of the 59 occurrences of kashal in the Massoretic
Text (MT), astheneo is used 33 times to incorporate it into the LXX.
He is a conservative scholar who accepts the divine origin of the Scriptures, is reluctant to emend the Massoretic
Text, and prefers to substantiate rather than reconstruct biblical history.
Given that the translator did not work mechanically, the use of the Peshitta as a quarry for emendations of the Massoretic
Text demands greater caution than was once acknowledged.
Ginsburg, The Massorah,(19) note that the main massoretic
manuscripts of the Bible differ on how to read this word, with Ben Asher reading it as one word because the taf has a sheva and the hey does not have a mapik.
No original manuscripts have survived, and present versions are based on two primary sources: the Septuagint, a Greek translation from the Hebrew, made in Alexandria about 250 bc, and the Massoretic
Text, the work of a group of trained Jewish scholars, beginning in the 6th century after Christ, whose purpose was to correct and preserve the Hebrew versions then available.
All the essays in this section, including the "Historical and Geographical Background" (adapted by the editors, Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler), and "The Development of the Massoretic
Bible" (Jordan S.
He mentions historical, archeological, and sociological issues related to the text, but always asks what we can also learn from comparison of a very early Old Greek form of the text with its later Massoretic
The vocalized form in the Massoretic
text, with Qamas in the second syllable, is surely the Aramaic name of the wild ass, which is arod in Biblical Hebrew (Job 39:5).
There is nothing in Joel which gives us a clear idea of its historical background; its position in the Massoretic
Text offers no help.
106-107 - it should not be expected that Jerome make specific mention of an archaic form here, as Gryson implies, since he did not study the Hebrew language from a diachronic perspective), but also because it does reflect the Massoretic
consonantal text, which was generally Jerome's Vorlage.