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(ˌmæt əˈθaɪ əs)

died 167? B.C., Jewish priest in Judea (father of Judas Maccabaeus).
References in periodicals archive ?
A revolt broke out led by a pious family known as the Maccabees, or Hasmoneans, the patriarch of which was named Mattathias.
See Mattathias Schwartz, Unconventional Wisdom, SALON, June
Ainsi il est un lieu de refuge pour l'homme : David y fuit la haine de Safil, Elie la colere de Jezabel et Mattathias la persecution d'Antiochus IV (Gerard 262-63).
In this context, Josephus begins narrating the revolt of Mattathias the Maccabee against the Syrians (12:265).
Schwartz, Mattathias (2011) "Pre-Occupied: the origins and future of Occupy Wall Street", The New Yorker, 28 November, http://www.
Eshel identifies the latter with Jonathan ben Mattathias.
The best examples were the pre-1948 days when Zionist terror groups attacked both Palestinian and British targets; or in the 2nd century BC when the Jewish priest Mattathias and his five sons successfully led the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid-Hellenist rulers of the region, using guerrilla tactics that would be called terrorism today (the victory which founded the Hasmonean dynasty is celebrated annually by Jews around the world in the Hanukkah festival).
The 15 papers address such issues as whether the category of Deuterocanoncal Books has a Jewish origin, the role of scripture in the last words of Mattathias, and the use of flood imagery in 4 Maccabees in its ancient Jewish context.
A virtuous, as opposed to vicious, wrath is directed against a sinner out of zeal for justice and the good of the Church, as when Phineas slew the fornicators (Numbers 25:7-8) and Mattathias struck down the idolaters (1 Maccabees 2:44-47).
In the days of Mattathias ben Yohanan, the Hasmonaean High Priest, and his sons--when the wicked kingdom of Greece rose up against your people Israel to make them forget your Torah and violate your gracious laws--in your great mercy you stood by them in their hour of trouble.