QUEEN NZINGA, ANCIENT QUEEN OF THE KINGDOMS OF THE MBUNDU
PEOPLE IN ANGOLA
These included the Akan of the kingdom of Asante in what is now Ghana, the Fon of Dahomey (now Benin), the Mbundu
of Ndongo in modern Angola and the Kongo of today's Congo, among several others.
Angola's diverse ethnic communities with their own cultural traits, traditions, native languages, and artistic expressions include the Ovimbundu, Mbundu
, Bakongo, Chokwe.
lt;<Religious and Ceremonial Life in the Kongo and Mbundu
Typologically homogenous, Kikongo was spoken by the Bakongo people of the former Congo Kingdom; Kimbundu by the Mbundu
(or Ambundu) people of Central Angola; and Umbundu by the Ovimbundu people near the port of Benguela (Bonvini and Petter 1998:73; Castro 2001:34-37).
According to Faustin Mbundu
, Chairman of PSF, this role comes under its restructuring process.
Thornton, "Religious and Ceremonial Life in the Kongo and Mbundu
Areas, 1500-1700," in Linda M.
Les jongueiros, les gens qui pratiquent le jongo, utilisent beaucoup de mots d'origine kongo, mbundu
ou ovimbundu (Slenes 1982) au moment de "jeter un ponto >> (8).
This book joins a growing body of work demonstrating the importance of the cultural contributions made by a variety of Central African peoples (Kongo, Mbundu
, Ovimbundu, and others) across the region, alongside those made by members of various West African ethnic groups.
Joseph Miller (1995: 128) aponta que essa mudanca fundamental na vida social e politica lunda atingiu a maior parte do resto da Africa central ocidental: "A aceitacao das instituicoes politicas centralizadas dos Luba provocou uma emigracao de linhagens Lunda e uma difusao de titulos Lunda que, numa fase inicial, se estenderam para oeste ate os Cokwe e para o sul ate aos Lwena e, mais tarde, se espalharam para os Mbundu
e os Ovimbundu".
Beyond shared religious cosmological understandings, Sweet also shows that practices embedded in those ideas manifested in practices that were common to Mbundu
and BaKongo peoples, among others in Central Africa.