# average

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Related to Measures of central tendency: standard deviation, measures of dispersion

## av·er·age

(ăv′ər-ĭj, ăv′rĭj)
n.
1. Mathematics
a. A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.
2.
a. An intermediate level or degree: near the average in size.
b. The usual or ordinary kind or quality: Although the wines vary, the average is quite good.
3. Sports The ratio of a team's or player's successful performances such as wins, hits, or goals, divided by total opportunities for successful performance, such as games, times at bat, or shots: finished the season with a .500 average; a batting average of .274.
4. Law
a. The loss of a ship or cargo, caused by damage at sea.
b. The incurrence of damage or loss of a ship or cargo at sea.
c. The equitable distribution of such a loss among concerned parties.
d. A charge incurred through such a loss.
5. Nautical Small expenses or charges that are usually paid by the master of a ship.
1. Mathematics Of, relating to, or constituting an average.
2. Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale: a movie of average length; a player of average ability.
3. Usual or ordinary in kind or character: a poll of average people; average eyesight.
4. Assessed in accordance with the law of averages.
v. av·er·aged, av·er·ag·ing, av·er·ag·es
v.tr.
1. Mathematics To calculate the average of: average a set of numbers.
2. To do or have an average of: averaged three hours of work a day.
3. To distribute proportionately: average one's income over four years so as to minimize the tax rate.
v.intr.
To be or amount to an average: Some sparrows are six inches long, but they average smaller. Our expenses averaged out to 45 dollars per day.
Phrasal Verbs:
average down
To purchase shares of the same security at successively lower prices in order to reduce the average price of one's position.
average up
To purchase shares of the same security at successively higher prices in order to achieve a larger position at an average price that is lower than the current market value.

[Early Modern English, damage to a ship or its cargo, equitable distribution of the expenses from such damage, average, from Middle English, charge above the cost of freight, from Old French avarie, from Old Italian avaria, duty, from Arabic 'awārīya, damaged goods, from 'awār, blemish, from 'awira, to be damaged; see ʕwr in Semitic roots.]

av′er·age·ness n.
Synonyms: average, medium, mediocre, middling, fair1, acceptable, indifferent, tolerable
These adjectives indicate a middle position on a scale of evaluation. Average and medium apply to what is midway between extremes and imply both sufficiency and lack of distinction: a novel of average merit; a digital recording of medium quality.
Mediocre and middling stress the undistinguished aspect of what is average: "The caliber of the students ... has gone from mediocre to above average" (Judy Pasternak)."Every writer creates weak, middling and strong work" (Frank Conroy).
What is fair or acceptable is satisfactory or moderately good but has room for improvement: a fair chance of winning; an acceptable grade on the test.
Indifferent means neither good nor bad and suggests a detached or resigned acceptance of such a status: "Burningham was an indifferent student at every school he attended ... and he preferred to be out of doors" (Andrea Cleghorn).
Something tolerable is good enough under the circumstances, but barely: "Tennyson ... suffered ... from illness fears, particularly of going blind, though he lived into his eighties with tolerable eyesight" (Carla Cantor).

## average

(ˈævərɪdʒ; ˈævrɪdʒ)
n
1. the typical or normal amount, quality, degree, etc: above average in intelligence.
2. (Mathematics) Also called: arithmetic mean the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set: the average of 3, 4, and 8 is 5.
3. (Mathematics) (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio: his average over the journey was 30 miles per hour.
4. (Law) maritime law
a. a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
b. the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
5. (Stock Exchange) (often plural) stock exchange a simple or weighted average of the prices of a selected group of securities computed in order to facilitate market comparisons
6. on average on the average on an average usually; typically: on average, he goes twice a week.
7. usual or typical
8. mediocre or inferior: his performance was only average.
9. constituting a numerical average: the average age; an average speed.
10. approximately typical of a range of values: the average contents of a matchbox.
vb
11. (tr) to obtain or estimate a numerical average of
12. (tr) to assess the general quality of
13. (tr) to perform or receive a typical number of: to average eight hours' work a day.
14. (tr) to divide up proportionately: they averaged the profits among the staff.
15. (tr) to amount to or be on average: the children averaged 15 years of age.
16. (Stock Exchange) (intr) stock exchange to purchase additional securities in a holding whose price has fallen (average down) or risen (average up) in anticipation of a speculative profit after further increases in price
[C15 averay loss arising from damage to ships or cargoes (shared equitably among all concerned, hence the modern sense), from Old Italian avaria, ultimately from Arabic awār damage, blemish]
ˈaverageness n

## av•er•age

(ˈæv ər ɪdʒ, ˈæv rɪdʒ)

n., adj., v. -aged, -ag•ing. n.
1.
a. a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximates an arithmetic mean: a golf average in the 90's. Compare grade point average.
c. a number or value intermediate to a set of numbers or values.
2. a typical or usual amount, rate, degree, level, etc.; norm.
3. of, pertaining to, or forming an average; estimated by average: the average rainfall.
4. typical; common; ordinary: the average person.
v.t.
5. to find an average value for (a variable quantity); reduce to a mean.
6. (of a variable quantity) to have as an arithmetic mean: Wheat averages 56 pounds to a bushel.
7. to do or have on the average: to average seven hours of sleep a night.
v.i.
8. to have or show an average.
Idioms:
on the or an average, usually; typically.
[1485–95; late Middle English averay charge on goods shipped, orig. duty (< Middle French avarie < early Italian avaria < Arabic ‘awārīyah damaged merchandise), with -age replacing -ay]
av′er•age•ness, n.

## av·er·age

(ăv′ər-ĭj)
A number, especially the arithmetic mean, that is derived from and considered typical or representative of a set of numbers. Compare arithmetic mean, median, mode.

## average

Past participle: averaged
Gerund: averaging

Imperative
average
average
Present
I average
you average
he/she/it averages
we average
you average
they average
Preterite
I averaged
you averaged
he/she/it averaged
we averaged
you averaged
they averaged
Present Continuous
I am averaging
you are averaging
he/she/it is averaging
we are averaging
you are averaging
they are averaging
Present Perfect
I have averaged
you have averaged
he/she/it has averaged
we have averaged
you have averaged
they have averaged
Past Continuous
I was averaging
you were averaging
he/she/it was averaging
we were averaging
you were averaging
they were averaging
Past Perfect
Future
I will average
you will average
he/she/it will average
we will average
you will average
they will average
Future Perfect
I will have averaged
you will have averaged
he/she/it will have averaged
we will have averaged
you will have averaged
they will have averaged
Future Continuous
I will be averaging
you will be averaging
he/she/it will be averaging
we will be averaging
you will be averaging
they will be averaging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been averaging
you have been averaging
he/she/it has been averaging
we have been averaging
you have been averaging
they have been averaging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been averaging
you will have been averaging
he/she/it will have been averaging
we will have been averaging
you will have been averaging
they will have been averaging
Past Perfect Continuous
Conditional
I would average
you would average
he/she/it would average
we would average
you would average
they would average
Past Conditional
I would have averaged
you would have averaged
he/she/it would have averaged
we would have averaged
you would have averaged
they would have averaged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
 Noun 1 average - a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes"normstatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parametersstatistic - a datum that can be represented numericallyage norm - the average age at which particular performances are expected to appearmodal value, mode - the most frequent value of a random variablemedian, median value - the value below which 50% of the cases fallmean, mean value - an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n 2 average - (sports) the ratio of successful performances to opportunitiesathletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competitionbatting average, hitting average - (baseball) a measure of a batter's performance; the number of base hits divided by the number of official times at bat; "Ted Williams once had a batting average above .400"fielding average - (baseball) a measure of a fielder's performance; the number of assists and putouts divided by the number of chancesratio - the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient) 3 average - an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual; "he is about average in height"; "the snowfall this month is below average"scale value - a value on some scale of measurement Verb 1 average - amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain; "The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"average outnumber, total, amount, add up, come - add up in number or quantity; "The bills amounted to \$2,000"; "The bill came to \$2,000" 2 average - achieve or reach on average; "He averaged a C"achieve, attain, accomplish, reach - to gain with effort; "she achieved her goal despite setbacks" 3 average - compute the average of    average outarithmetic - the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculationscompute, calculate, cipher, cypher, figure, reckon, work out - make a mathematical calculation or computation Adj. 1 average - approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; "the average income in New England is below that of the nation"; "of average height for his age"; "the mean annual rainfall"meanstatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parametersnormal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events" 2 average - lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered; "average people"; "the ordinary (or common) man in the street"ordinarycommon - having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; "the common man"; "a common sailor"; "the common cold"; "a common nuisance"; "followed common procedure"; "it is common knowledge that she lives alone"; "the common housefly"; "a common brand of soap" 3 average - lacking exceptional quality or ability; "a novel of average merit"; "only a fair performance of the sonata"; "in fair health"; "the caliber of the students has gone from mediocre to above average"; "the performance was middling at best"ordinary - not exceptional in any way especially in quality or ability or size or degree; "ordinary everyday objects"; "ordinary decency"; "an ordinary day"; "an ordinary wine" 4 average - around the middle of a scale of evaluation; "an orange of average size"; "intermediate capacity"; "medium bombers"moderate - being within reasonable or average limits; not excessive or extreme; "moderate prices"; "a moderate income"; "a moderate fine"; "moderate demands"; "a moderate estimate"; "a moderate eater"; "moderate success"; "a kitchen of moderate size"; "the X-ray showed moderate enlargement of the heart" 5 average - relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; "the modal age at which American novelists reach their peak is 30"modalstatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parametersnormal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events" 6 average - relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); "the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"; "the median income for the year was \$15,000"medianstatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parametersnormal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; "serve wine at normal room temperature"; "normal diplomatic relations"; "normal working hours"; "normal word order"; "normal curiosity"; "the normal course of events"

## average

noun
1. The pay is about the average for a service industry.
1. The average man burns 2000 calories a day.
usual
2. Of the US's million millionaires, the average age was 63.
mean
verb
1. make on average, be on average, even out to, do on average, balance out to pay increases averaging 9.75%
on average On average we would be spending \$200 a day.

## average

noun
Something, as a type, number, quantity, or degree, that represents a midpoint between extremes on a scale of valuation:
1. Of moderately good quality but less than excellent:
Informal: OK, tidy.
2. Commonly encountered:
3. Being of no special quality or type:
Translations
عاديمُعَدَّلمُعَدَّل، مُتَوَسِّطيَجِد المُعَدَّل
průměrprůměrnýčinit v průměru
gennemsnitgennemsnitliggennemsnits-middel
keskiarvokeskimääräinenkeskinkertainentavallinentyypillinen
prosječanprosjek
átlagátlag-átlagban kitesz
meîal-, meîaltals-meîaltalná aî meîaltalivenjulegur, meîal-

평균평균의
vidurkisvidutinisvidutiniškai sudarytividutiniškas
caurmēracaurmērsdot /sasniegt caurmērāparastsvidējais
priemerne dosahovať
povprečenpovprečjepovprečno
genomsnittgenomsnittligmedeltal
โดยเฉลี่ยค่าเฉลี่ย
mức trung bìnhtrung bình

## average

[ˈævərɪdʒ]
1. (Math, Statistics) [age, wage, price, speed] → medio, promedio inv
2. (= normal, typical) → medio
the average American drives 10,000 miles per yearel americano medio hace unas 10.000 millas al año con su coche
an average thirteen-year-old child could understand itun niño de trece años de inteligencia media podría entenderlo
that's average for a woman of your ageeso es lo normal para una mujer de tu edad
of average ability
of average height
the average man
he's not your average footballerno es el típico futbolista
3. (= mediocre) → mediocre
a very average noveluna novela bastante mediocre
an average piece of workun trabajo de una calidad mediana
"how was the film?" - "average"-¿qué tal fue la película? -nada del otro mundo
B. N
to do an average of 150kphhacer una media or un promedio de 150kph
it takes an average of ten weeks for a house sale to be completedcomo promedio la venta de una casa se lleva a término en unas diez semanas
above average
below average
on averagecomo promedio, por término medio
a rough average
to take an average of sthcalcular la media or el promedio de algo
C. VT
1. (also average out) (= calculate average of) → calcular la media de, calcular el promedio de
2. (= reach an average of) pay increases are averaging 9.75%los aumentos de sueldo son, como media or promedio, del 9,75%
we average eight hours' work a daytrabajamos por término medio unas ocho horas diarias, trabajamos una media or un promedio de unas ocho horas diarias
the sales average 200 copies a weekel promedio de ventas es de unos 200 ejemplares a la semana
the temperature averaged 13 degrees over the monthla temperatura media or promedio fue de unos 13 grados a lo largo del mes, la temperatura alcanzó una media or un promedio de unos 13 grados a lo largo del mes
he averaged 140kph all the way (Aut) → hizo un promedio or una media de 140kph en todo el recorrido
she did average in the oral examel examen oral le fue regular
average down VT + ADV to average sth downsacar el promedio or la media de algo tirando hacia abajo
average out
A. VT + ADVcalcular la media de, calcular el promedio de
B. VI + ADV it'll average out in the endal final una cosa compensará por la otra
to average out atsalir a un promedio or una media de
it averages out at 50p a glasssale a un promedio or una media de 50 peniques el vaso
our working hours average out at eight a daytrabajamos un promedio or una media de ocho horas al día
average up VT + ADV to average sth upsacar el promedio or la media de algo tirando hacia arriba
AVERAGE, HALF

Position of "medio"
You should generally put medio after the noun when you mean "average" and before the noun when you mean "half": ...the average citizen... ...el ciudadano medio... ...the average salary... ...el salario medio... ...half a kilo of tomatoes... ...medio kilo de tomates...

## average

[ˈævərɪdʒ]
n
(gen)
on average → en moyenne
above average, above the average → au-dessus de la moyenne
below average, below the average →
the average for sth/sb → la moyenne pour qch/qn
for an average of ten days → pendant dix jours en moyenne
(MATHEMATICS)
adj [price, age, wage, person, film] → moyen(ne)
the average price →
vt [+ figure]
We averaged 42 km/h → Nous avons fait 42 km/h en moyenne.
average out
vi
to average out at sth
My working week averages out at 40 hours →
vt sep
We averaged it out to £10 a month each → Nous avons arrondi cela à 10 livres par mois et par personne.

## average

n(Durch)schnitt m; (Math also) → Mittelwert m; to do an average of 50 miles a day/3% a weekdurchschnittlich or im (Durch)schnitt 50 Meilen pro Tag fahren/3% pro Woche erledigen; what’s your average over the last six months?was haben Sie im letzten halben Jahr durchschnittlich geleistet/verdient etc?; on averagedurchschnittlich, im (Durch)schnitt; (= normally)normalerweise; if you take the average (Math) → wenn Sie den (Durch)schnitt or Mittelwert nehmen; (general) → wenn Sie den durchschnittlichen Fall nehmen; above averageüberdurchschnittlich, über dem Durchschnitt; below averageunterdurchschnittlich, unter dem Durchschnitt; the law of averagesdas Gesetz der Serie; by the law of averagesaller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach
adjdurchschnittlich; (= ordinary)Durchschnitts-; (= not good or bad)mittelmäßig; above/below averageüber-/unterdurchschnittlich; the average man, Mr Averageder Durchschnittsbürger; the average Scotder Durchschnittsschotte; he’s a man of average heighter ist von mittlerer Größe
vt
(= find the average of)den Durchschnitt ermitteln von
(= do etc on average)auf einen Schnitt von … kommen; we averaged 80 km/hwir kamen auf einen Schnitt von 80 km/h, wir sind durchschnittlich 80 km/h gefahren; the factory averages 500 cars a weekdie Fabrik produziert durchschnittlich or im (Durch)schnitt 500 Autos pro Woche
(= average out at) sales are averaging 10,000 copies per dayder Absatz beläuft sich auf or beträgt durchschnittlich or im (Durch)schnitt 10.000 Exemplare pro Tag

## average

[ˈævərɪdʒ]
1. adjmedio/a (pej) → qualsiasi inv, ordinario/a
2. nmedia
on average → in media
above/below (the) average → sopra/sotto la media
3. vtfare una media di
average out vt (set of numbers) → fare or calcolare la media fra
average out at vi (reach an average of) → aggirarsi in media su, essere in media di

## average

(ˈӕvəridʒ) noun
the result of adding several amounts together and dividing the total by the number of amounts. The average of 3, 7, 9 and 13 is 8 (= 32:4).
1. obtained by finding the average of amounts etc. average price; the average temperature for the week.
2. ordinary; not exceptional. The average person is not wealthy; His work is average.
verb
to form an average. His expenses averaged (out at) 15 dollars a day.

## average

průměr, průměrný gennemsnit, gennemsnitlig keskiarvo, keskimääräinen prosječan, prosjek 平均, 平均の 평균, 평균의 genomsnitt, genomsnittlig โดยเฉลี่ย, ค่าเฉลี่ย mức trung bình, trung bình

## av·er·age

n. promedio, término medio; de mediana proporción.

## average

adj medio, promedio (inv); the — height la estatura media or promedio; n media, promedio; above (the) — superior a la media or al promedio, por encima de la media or del promedio; below (the) — inferior a la media or al promedio, por debajo de la media or del promedio; on — en promedio
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common of these descriptive statistics are the measures of central tendency.
The discussion as to why these values were different introduced some good introductory thoughts on variance in addition to the discussion of the measures of central tendency, which was the main aim of the activity.
They assume readers have completed at least a general introduction to statistics course, and so are profligate with such basic concepts as measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, and standard scores.
Chapter eight explains and demonstrates measures of central tendency (mode, median, and mean) and measures of dispersion (standard deviation and the normal distribution).
Through 190 or so pages, the tutor instructs her in data types, understanding numerical and categorical data, using histograms to simplify data, measures of central tendency and variability, standardization, probability, correlations and hypothesis tests.

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