Mechanical philosophy


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Related to Mechanical philosophy: Robert Boyle
the principles of mechanics applied to the investigation of physical phenomena.
- Farrow.

See also: Mechanical

References in periodicals archive ?
Anstey argues that an orthodox position has developed among Locke scholars according to which the Essay is a defense of the corpuscular mechanical philosophy, opposed above all to the Cartesian and Aristotelian natural philosophies.
Isaac Beeckman on matter and motion; mechanical philosophy in the making.
from his earliest thoughts to the late 1670s, Leibniz is identified as an 'heterodox Hobbesian' whose metaphysics combined a standard mechanical philosophy of bodies with a commitment to incorporeal things responsible for motion in the world, i.
Rene Descartes, we're told, developed his philosophy partly as a result of watching hydraulic automata and, 150 years or so later, aristocrats brought up on mechanical philosophy flirted with automata as an ideal of civility and power.
Leibniz was largely self-taught, though debates within the German universities facilitated his exposure to scholastic and mechanical philosophy, which Leibniz characteristically sought to reconcile even as a student in Leipzig and Jena.
Since these men (especially Boyle) held clear and explicit theological views about God's sovereignty and agency in creation, it is obvious their advocacy of mechanical philosophy was purely "methodological"--specifically, as an approach to physical science.
Using well-known episodes from the history of science, such as mechanical philosophy and Newtonian gravitation, elective affinities and the chemical revolution, natural history and taxonomy, evolutionary biology, the dynamical theory of electromagnetism, and quantum theory, Dear here reveals how the very different principles of knowing and doing were brought together as a new enterprise, science, which would be practiced by a new kind of person, the scientist.
His narrative is broadly chronological, beginning with the rediscovery of classical sources including Archimedes and Pappus by dal Monte, Stevin, Benedetti, the young Galileo, and others and continuing through discussion of the work of Galileo and his disciples and the rise of mechanical philosophy and Descartes.
His precipitous fall from grace reflected both the violent world of seventeenth-century Italian politics and the colossal intellectual revolution created by the shift from the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian worldview to Copernicanism and the so-called mechanical philosophy.
The difficulties inherent in reconciling mechanical philosophy with metaphysical thinking are well described, but the discussion is limited to the writings of only two Restoration physicians (Thomas Willis and Walter Charleton), merely hinting at the broader ethical, cultural and historical implications of this dilemma.
Key Words: Descartes, mechanical philosophy, automata, machines, Dutch army.
The replacement of Scholastic hylomorphism and the matter/form ontology with the principles of the mechanical philosophy comprised the most fundamental turn in seventeenth-century matter theory.
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