Mediterranean


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Related to Mediterranean: Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean diet

Med·i·ter·ra·ne·an

 (mĕd′ĭ-tə-rā′nē-ən)
The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Several important ancient civilizations flourished in the region, which was dominated for centuries by Phoenicia, Carthage, Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine, Arab, and Ottoman empires.

Med′i·ter·ra′ne·an adj. & n.

med·i·ter·ra·ne·an

 (mĕd′ĭ-tə-rā′nē-ən, -rān′yən)
adj.
1. Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas.
2. Meteorology Of or relating to climates characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

[Latin mediterrāneus, inland : medius, middle; see medhyo- in Indo-European roots + terra, land; see ters- in Indo-European roots.]

Mediterranean

(ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən)
n
1. (Placename) short for the Mediterranean Sea
2. (Peoples) a native or inhabitant of a Mediterranean country
adj
3. (Placename) of, relating to, situated or dwelling on or near the Mediterranean Sea
4. (Peoples) denoting a postulated subdivision of the Caucasoid race, characterized by slender build and dark complexion
5. (Physical Geography) meteorol (of a climate) characterized by hot summers and relatively warm winters when most of the annual rainfall occurs
6. (Physical Geography) (often not capital) obsolete situated in the middle of a landmass; inland
[C16: from Latin mediterrāneus, from medius middle + -terrāneus, from terra land, earth]

Med•i•ter•ra•ne•an

(ˌmɛd ɪ təˈreɪ ni ən)

n.
2. a person whose physical characteristics are considered typical of the peoples native to the Mediterranean area.
3. the, the islands and countries of the Mediterranean Sea collectively.
adj.
4. pertaining to, situated on or near, or dwelling about the Mediterranean Sea.
5. of or pertaining to the peoples native to the lands along or near the Mediterranean Sea.
6. (l.c.) surrounded or nearly surrounded by land.
[1585–95; < Latin mediterrāne(us) midland, inland + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mediterranean - the largest inland seaMediterranean - the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
Cyprus - an island in the eastern Mediterranean
Crete, Kriti - the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Aegadean Islands, Aegadean Isles, Aegates, Egadi Islands, Isole Egadi - a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
Sardegna, Sardinia - an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
Sicilia, Sicily - the largest island in the Mediterranean
Corse, Corsica - an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
Malta - a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
Abukir, Abukir Bay - a bay on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt
Adriatic, Adriatic Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Slovenia and Croatia and Montenegro and Albania on the east and Italy on the west
Aegean, Aegean Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey; a main trade route for the ancient civilizations of Crete and Greece and Rome and Persia
Gulf of Antalya - a gulf of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey
Gulf of Sidra - wide inlet of the Mediterranean Sea on the north coast of Libya
Ionian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between western Greece and southern Italy
Ligurian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between northwest Italy and Corsica
mare nostrum - (our sea) the Mediterranean to the ancient Romans
Perejil - a small uninhabited Mediterranean islet claimed by both Morocco and Spain
Tyrrhenian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the islands of Corsica and Sardinia and Sicily
Adj.1.Mediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean SeaMediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea; "Mediterranean countries"
Translations
Středozemní mořestředozemský
MiddelhavetMiddelhavs-
VälimerenVälimeri
Mediteranmediteranski
地中海地中海の
지중해지중해의
Sredozemljesredozemski
Medelhavetmedelhavs-
เกี่ยวกับทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียนทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน
Địa Trung Hảithuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải

Mediterranean

[ˌmedɪtəˈreɪnɪən]
A. ADJmediterráneo
the Mediterranean Seael Mar Mediterráneo
B. N the Mediterranean (= region, sea) → el Mediterráneo

Mediterranean

[ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪniən]
adjméditerranéen(ne)
n
the Mediterranean → la Méditerranée

Mediterranean

nMittelmeer nt; in the Mediterranean (= in sea)im Mittelmeer; (= in region)am Mittelmeer, im Mittelmeerraum
adjMittelmeer-; scenery, character, personsüdländisch; Mediterranean climate/nationsMittelmeerklima nt/-länder pl; Mediterranean islandMittelmeerinsel f; Mediterranean fruitSüdfrüchte pl; Mediterranean typesSüdländer pl; Mediterranean cruiseKreuzfahrt fim Mittelmeer; Mediterranean holiday (Brit) or vacation (US) → Urlaub mim Mittelmeerraum

Mediterranean

[ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən] adjmediterraneo/a
the Mediterranean (Sea) → il (mar) Mediterraneo

Mediterranean

الْبَحْرُ الْأَبْيَضُ الْـمُتَوَسِط, مُتَوَسِطِيّ Středozemní moře, středozemský Middelhavet, Middelhavs- Mittelmeer, südländisch μεσογειακός, Μεσόγειος mediterráneo Välimeren, Välimeri Méditerranée, méditerranéen Mediteran, mediteranski mediterraneo 地中海, 地中海の 지중해, 지중해의 mediterraan, Middellandse Zee Middelhavet, middelhavs- Morze Śródziemne, śródziemnomorski mediterrâneo Средиземное море, средиземноморский Medelhavet, medelhavs- เกี่ยวกับทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน, ทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน Akdeniz Địa Trung Hải, thuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải 地中海, 地中海的
References in classic literature ?
It was this, if I remember right: Jonah was swallowed by the whale in the Mediterranean Sea, and after three days he was vomited up somewhere within three days' journey of Nineveh, a city on the Tigris, very much more than three days' journey across from the nearest point of the Mediterranean coast.
From Salamis to Actium, through Lepanto and the Nile to the naval massacre of Navarino, not to mention other armed encounters of lesser interest, all the blood heroically spilt into the Mediterranean has not stained with a single trail of purple the deep azure of its classic waters.
It was but the day before that Crawford had made himself thoroughly master of the subject, or had in fact become at all aware of her having such a brother, or his being in such a ship, but the interest then excited had been very properly lively, determining him on his return to town to apply for information as to the probable period of the Antwerp's return from the Mediterranean, etc.
Here ample time will be given not only to look over the city, which was founded six hundred years before the Christian era, and its artificial port, the finest of the kind in the Mediterranean, but to visit Paris during the Great Exhibition; and the beautiful city of Lyons, lying intermediate, from the heights of which, on a clear day, Mont Blanc and the Alps can be distinctly seen.
Even in Broadway and Chestnut streets, Mediterranean mariners will sometimes jostle the affrighted ladies.
This oath was no longer a vain menace; for the fastest sailer in the Mediterranean would have been unable to overtake the little tartan, that with every stitch of canvas set was flying before the wind to Leghorn.
That is the Orontes, and it is the only water in sight, with the exception of the Mediterranean, which stretches, like a broad mirror, about twelve miles off to the southward.
It was a telegram to the sailing-m aster of the yacht, informing him that we had arranged to return to Ramsgate that evening, and that we should be ready to sail for the Mediterranean with the next tide.
as in the case of the glaciers) we suppose them to have taken place at corresponding distances in Europe: -- then would the land from the North Sea to the Mediterranean have been violently shaken, and at the same instant of time a large tract of the eastern coast of England would have been permanently elevated, together with some outlying islands, -- a train of volcanos on the coast of Holland would have burst forth in action, and an eruption taken place at the bottom of the sea, near the northern extremity of Ireland -- and lastly, the ancient vents of Auvergne, Cantal, and Mont d'Or would each have sent up to the sky a dark column of smoke, and have long remained in fierce action.
The Nile runs here so near the shore that it might without much difficulty be turned through this opening of the mountains into the Red Sea, a design which many of the Emperors have thought of putting in execution, and thereby making a communication between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, but have been discouraged either by the greatness of the expense or the fear of laying great part of Egypt under water, for some of that country lies lower than sea.
If I am not mistaken, a depth of 8,000 yards has been found in the North Atlantic, and 2,500 yards in the Mediterranean.
The song died away; they heard the river, bearing down the snows of winter into the Mediterranean.

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