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Related to Mediterranean: Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean diet


The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Several important ancient civilizations flourished in the region, which was dominated for centuries by Phoenicia, Carthage, Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine, Arab, and Ottoman empires.

Med′i·ter·ra′ne·an adj. & n.


 (mĕd′ĭ-tə-rā′nē-ən, -rān′yən)
Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas.

[Latin mediterrāneus, inland : medius, middle; see medhyo- in Indo-European roots + terra, land; see ters- in Indo-European roots.]


1. (Placename) short for the Mediterranean Sea
2. (Peoples) a native or inhabitant of a Mediterranean country
3. (Placename) of, relating to, situated or dwelling on or near the Mediterranean Sea
4. (Peoples) denoting a postulated subdivision of the Caucasoid race, characterized by slender build and dark complexion
5. (Physical Geography) meteorol (of a climate) characterized by hot summers and relatively warm winters when most of the annual rainfall occurs
6. (Physical Geography) (often not capital) obsolete situated in the middle of a landmass; inland
[C16: from Latin mediterrāneus, from medius middle + -terrāneus, from terra land, earth]


(ˌmɛd ɪ təˈreɪ ni ən)

2. a person whose physical characteristics are considered typical of the peoples native to the Mediterranean area.
3. the, the islands and countries of the Mediterranean Sea collectively.
4. pertaining to, situated on or near, or dwelling about the Mediterranean Sea.
5. of or pertaining to the peoples native to the lands along or near the Mediterranean Sea.
6. (l.c.) surrounded or nearly surrounded by land.
[1585–95; < Latin mediterrāne(us) midland, inland + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mediterranean - the largest inland seaMediterranean - the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
Cyprus - an island in the eastern Mediterranean
Crete, Kriti - the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Aegadean Islands, Aegadean Isles, Aegates, Egadi Islands, Isole Egadi - a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
Sardegna, Sardinia - an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
Sicilia, Sicily - the largest island in the Mediterranean
Corse, Corsica - an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
Malta - a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
Abukir, Abukir Bay - a bay on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt
Adriatic, Adriatic Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Slovenia and Croatia and Montenegro and Albania on the east and Italy on the west
Aegean, Aegean Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey; a main trade route for the ancient civilizations of Crete and Greece and Rome and Persia
Gulf of Antalya - a gulf of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey
Gulf of Sidra - wide inlet of the Mediterranean Sea on the north coast of Libya
Ionian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between western Greece and southern Italy
Ligurian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between northwest Italy and Corsica
mare nostrum - (our sea) the Mediterranean to the ancient Romans
Perejil - a small uninhabited Mediterranean islet claimed by both Morocco and Spain
Tyrrhenian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the islands of Corsica and Sardinia and Sicily
Adj.1.Mediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean SeaMediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea; "Mediterranean countries"
Středozemní mořestředozemský
Địa Trung Hảithuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải


A. ADJmediterráneo
the Mediterranean Seael Mar Mediterráneo
B. N the Mediterranean (= region, sea) → el Mediterráneo


the Mediterranean → la Méditerranée


nMittelmeer nt; in the Mediterranean (= in sea)im Mittelmeer; (= in region)am Mittelmeer, im Mittelmeerraum
adjMittelmeer-; scenery, character, personsüdländisch; Mediterranean climate/nationsMittelmeerklima nt/-länder pl; Mediterranean islandMittelmeerinsel f; Mediterranean fruitSüdfrüchte pl; Mediterranean typesSüdländer pl; Mediterranean cruiseKreuzfahrt fim Mittelmeer; Mediterranean holiday (Brit) or vacation (US) → Urlaub mim Mittelmeerraum


[ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən] adjmediterraneo/a
the Mediterranean (Sea) → il (mar) Mediterraneo


الْبَحْرُ الْأَبْيَضُ الْـمُتَوَسِط, مُتَوَسِطِيّ Středozemní moře, středozemský Middelhavet, Middelhavs- Mittelmeer, südländisch μεσογειακός, Μεσόγειος mediterráneo Välimeren, Välimeri Méditerranée, méditerranéen Mediteran, mediteranski mediterraneo 地中海, 地中海の 지중해, 지중해의 mediterraan, Middellandse Zee Middelhavet, middelhavs- Morze Śródziemne, śródziemnomorski mediterrâneo Средиземное море, средиземноморский Medelhavet, medelhavs- เกี่ยวกับทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน, ทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน Akdeniz Địa Trung Hải, thuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải 地中海, 地中海的
References in classic literature ?
Roses covered the walls of the house, draped the cornices, climbed the pillars, and ran riot over the balustrade of the wide terrace, whence one looked down on the sunny Mediterranean, and the white-walled city on its shore.
Even in Broadway and Chestnut streets, Mediterranean mariners will sometimes jostle the affrighted ladies.
It was this, if I remember right: Jonah was swallowed by the whale in the Mediterranean Sea, and after three days he was vomited up somewhere within three days' journey of Nineveh, a city on the Tigris, very much more than three days' journey across from the nearest point of the Mediterranean coast.
You shall go to a place I have in the south of France: a whitewashed villa on the shores of the Mediterranean.
The Nile runs here so near the shore that it might without much difficulty be turned through this opening of the mountains into the Red Sea, a design which many of the Emperors have thought of putting in execution, and thereby making a communication between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, but have been discouraged either by the greatness of the expense or the fear of laying great part of Egypt under water, for some of that country lies lower than sea.
His looks and his handsome apparel pleased them both greatly; and after they had saluted him courteously, and he them, Samson begged him to give them his news, as well of Don Quixote as of Sancho Panza, for, he said, though they had read the letters from Sancho and her ladyship the duchess, they were still puzzled and could not make out what was meant by Sancho's government, and above all of an island, when all or most of those in the Mediterranean belonged to his Majesty.
If I am not mistaken, a depth of 8,000 yards has been found in the North Atlantic, and 2,500 yards in the Mediterranean.
For the last ten months my ministers have redoubled their vigilance, in order to watch the shore of the Mediterranean.
277) about the "amber route" and the "Sacred Way" in this connection; but until he gives his grounds for holding that the Mediterranean peoples in the Odyssean age used to go far North for their amber instead of getting it in Sicily, where it is still found in considerable quantities, I do not know what weight I ought to attach to his opinion.
From Salamis to Actium, through Lepanto and the Nile to the naval massacre of Navarino, not to mention other armed encounters of lesser interest, all the blood heroically spilt into the Mediterranean has not stained with a single trail of purple the deep azure of its classic waters.
The room was most dear to her, and she would not have changed its furniture for the handsomest in the house, though what had been originally plain had suffered all the ill-usage of children; and its greatest elegancies and ornaments were a faded footstool of Julia's work, too ill done for the drawing-room, three transparencies, made in a rage for transparencies, for the three lower panes of one window, where Tintern Abbey held its station between a cave in Italy and a moonlight lake in Cumberland, a collection of family profiles, thought unworthy of being anywhere else, over the mantelpiece, and by their side, and pinned against the wall, a small sketch of a ship sent four years ago from the Mediterranean by William, with H.
It was with the eyes of the king as with the immense depths of the azure heavens, or with those more terrific, and almost as sublime, which the Mediterranean reveals under the keels of its ships in a clear summer day, a gigantic mirror in which heaven delights to reflect sometimes its stars, sometimes its storms.

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