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The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Several important ancient civilizations flourished in the region, which was dominated for centuries by Phoenicia, Carthage, Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine, Arab, and Ottoman empires.

Med′i·ter·ra′ne·an adj. & n.


 (mĕd′ĭ-tə-rā′nē-ən, -rān′yən)
1. Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas.
2. Meteorology Of or relating to climates characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

[Latin mediterrāneus, inland : medius, middle; see medhyo- in Indo-European roots + terra, land; see ters- in Indo-European roots.]


1. (Placename) short for the Mediterranean Sea
2. (Peoples) a native or inhabitant of a Mediterranean country
3. (Placename) of, relating to, situated or dwelling on or near the Mediterranean Sea
4. (Peoples) denoting a postulated subdivision of the Caucasoid race, characterized by slender build and dark complexion
5. (Physical Geography) meteorol (of a climate) characterized by hot summers and relatively warm winters when most of the annual rainfall occurs
6. (Physical Geography) (often not capital) obsolete situated in the middle of a landmass; inland
[C16: from Latin mediterrāneus, from medius middle + -terrāneus, from terra land, earth]


(ˌmɛd ɪ təˈreɪ ni ən)

2. a person whose physical characteristics are considered typical of the peoples native to the Mediterranean area.
3. the, the islands and countries of the Mediterranean Sea collectively.
4. pertaining to, situated on or near, or dwelling about the Mediterranean Sea.
5. of or pertaining to the peoples native to the lands along or near the Mediterranean Sea.
6. (l.c.) surrounded or nearly surrounded by land.
[1585–95; < Latin mediterrāne(us) midland, inland + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mediterranean - the largest inland seaMediterranean - the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
Cyprus - an island in the eastern Mediterranean
Crete, Kriti - the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Aegadean Islands, Aegadean Isles, Aegates, Egadi Islands, Isole Egadi - a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
Sardegna, Sardinia - an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
Sicilia, Sicily - the largest island in the Mediterranean
Corse, Corsica - an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
Malta - a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
Abukir, Abukir Bay - a bay on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt
Adriatic, Adriatic Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Slovenia and Croatia and Montenegro and Albania on the east and Italy on the west
Aegean, Aegean Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey; a main trade route for the ancient civilizations of Crete and Greece and Rome and Persia
Gulf of Antalya - a gulf of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey
Gulf of Sidra - wide inlet of the Mediterranean Sea on the north coast of Libya
Ionian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between western Greece and southern Italy
Ligurian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between northwest Italy and Corsica
mare nostrum - (our sea) the Mediterranean to the ancient Romans
Perejil - a small uninhabited Mediterranean islet claimed by both Morocco and Spain
Tyrrhenian Sea - an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the islands of Corsica and Sardinia and Sicily
Adj.1.Mediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean SeaMediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea; "Mediterranean countries"
Středozemní mořestředozemský
Địa Trung Hảithuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải


A. ADJmediterráneo
the Mediterranean Seael Mar Mediterráneo
B. N the Mediterranean (= region, sea) → el Mediterráneo


the Mediterranean → la Méditerranée


nMittelmeer nt; in the Mediterranean (= in sea)im Mittelmeer; (= in region)am Mittelmeer, im Mittelmeerraum
adjMittelmeer-; scenery, character, personsüdländisch; Mediterranean climate/nationsMittelmeerklima nt/-länder pl; Mediterranean islandMittelmeerinsel f; Mediterranean fruitSüdfrüchte pl; Mediterranean typesSüdländer pl; Mediterranean cruiseKreuzfahrt fim Mittelmeer; Mediterranean holiday (Brit) or vacation (US) → Urlaub mim Mittelmeerraum


[ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən] adjmediterraneo/a
the Mediterranean (Sea) → il (mar) Mediterraneo


الْبَحْرُ الْأَبْيَضُ الْـمُتَوَسِط, مُتَوَسِطِيّ Středozemní moře, středozemský Middelhavet, Middelhavs- Mittelmeer, südländisch μεσογειακός, Μεσόγειος mediterráneo Välimeren, Välimeri Méditerranée, méditerranéen Mediteran, mediteranski mediterraneo 地中海, 地中海の 지중해, 지중해의 mediterraan, Middellandse Zee Middelhavet, middelhavs- Morze Śródziemne, śródziemnomorski mediterrâneo Средиземное море, средиземноморский Medelhavet, medelhavs- เกี่ยวกับทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน, ทะเลเมดิเตอร์เรเนียน Akdeniz Địa Trung Hải, thuộc vùng Địa Trung Hải 地中海, 地中海的
References in periodicals archive ?
Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease (IPSID), formerly known as Mediterranean lymphoma or [alpha] heavy chain disease, is an uncommon and unusual type of gastrointestinal lymphoma that is included under the umbrella of MALT lymphoma in the current WHO classification scheme.

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