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Related to Melanophores: Iridophores, Xanthophores


1. Any of several types of pigment cells, especially one found in a fish, amphibian, or reptile.
2. A multicellular organ in cephalopods that contains pigment cells.
3. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria.


1. (Zoology) a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2. (Botany) another name for chromoplast
ˌchromatoˈphoric, chromatophorous adj


(krəˈmæt əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr)

1. a cell containing pigment, esp. one that produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.
chro•mat`o•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) chro•ma•toph•or•ous (ˌkroʊ məˈtɒf ər əs) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
It plays an important role in the multiplication, migration and survival of melanophores.
In most Korean Cobitis species, melanophores of the lateral centre of the body gather to form Gambetta's zone-4 initially, and then the other lines of Gambetta's zone-1, -2, and -3 sequentially appear along the length of the body between 14-17 DAH.
The effects of light and temperature on isolated melanophores in Fundulus heteroclitus L.
Ali, noted the gathering of pigment cells and resultant skin lightening from the effects of topical ethanolic extract of Arachis hypogaea (peanuts, which contain half the resveratrol of red wine) on the tail melanophores of tadpole Bufo melanostictus, concluding that resveratrol merits attention for potential clinical use as a nontoxic melanolytic agent to treat hyperpigmentation.
This form is phenotypically expressed by a lack of retinal and integumentary melanin, indicating integumentary defects in the retinal melanophores (Muto et al.
ensifer are moderately deep-bodied and robust and have melanophores dorsally and ventrally on the gut, in a single ventral row on the tail, and on the pectoral fins.
To explore the biological action of SL in hepatocytes, we produced and purified recombinant tilapia SL protein which could induce pigment aggregation in tilapia melanophores.
The sailfish's dark color comes from black pigment cells called melanophores.
lacking melanophores on the caudal peduncle), collected from Waller Creek in summer 2012, and on 7 specimens from a local pet store also displaying "wild-type" morphology.
The two adult male paratypes (WANI) exhibit similar markings, but are overall much darker with thicker dark scale margins and numerous microscopic melanophores on the lower portion of the sides.