However, both the Bolshevik and Menshevik
factions of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which actually conducted the 1917 revolution, were explicit in their denunciation of terrorist methods.
Russian Interior Ministry has reported of a gunman opened fire in the Menshevik
confectionary factory building in Southeast Moscow, claiming the life of at least one person, wounding three and taking several hostages, RIA Novosti reported.
As early as 1909, Menshevik
writers introduced the idea of a Russian Thermidor into their popular press and pamphlets.
During most of his Chicago years (1959-65), Haimson headed the Inter-University Project on the History of the Menshevik
Even when tensions with communists were running high, French socialists seldom claimed the Menshevik
But there has always been a counter-current to the anti-democratic practices of Leninists past and present, beginning as far back as the Menshevik
opposition to Bolshevist repression in the first heady days of the revolution.
He covers the formative years 1868-98: the academic, the influence of Marxism 1898-1905: the revolutionary, revolution and prison 1905-07: the Bolshevik, reflections from Butyrskaia Prison: the intellectual incarcerated 1908-10, applying theory to practice: Siberian exile 1911, the Siberian road to the Duma: more Menshevik
than Bolshevik 1912-17, in search of a political compromise 1917-21: the social democrat, and no compromise 1922-27: under Bolshevik surveillance.
Liber--member of the Central Committee of the Menshevik
Russian SocialDemocratic Workers' Party.
In the university environment of the Russian fin-de-siecle and immediate aftermath of the 1905 revolution, all three became active in political opposition to the tsarist regime--Tcherikower as a Menshevik
, Efroikin in the Jewish Socialist Labor Party (SERP), and Kalmanovitch as a Socialist Zionist.
The Manifesto of the First Congress, held in Minsk in 1898, of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, which later split into Bolshevik and Menshevik
factions, argued that 'The further east one goes in Europe, the politically weaker, more cowardly and meaner becomes the bourgeoisie and the greater the share of cultural and political tasks which fall to the proletariat' (Kommunisticheskaia, 1970, p.
Upon the latter's break-up, the Democratic Republic of Georgia was founded in May 1918 under the leadership of the Menshevik
There are even people who find it scandalous that, once upon a time, there was a Menshevik
alternative to Bolshevism.