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n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.

[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

Men′she·vism n.
Men′she·vist n.


(ˈmɛnʃɪvɪk) or


(Historical Terms) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party, advocating gradual reform to achieve socialism. Compare Bolshevik
[C20: from Russian, literally: minority, from menshe less, from malo few]
ˈMenshevism n


(ˈmɛn ʃə vɪk)

n., pl. -viks, -vik•i (-ˌvɪk i, -ˌvi ki)
(sometimes l.c.) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party which, in opposition to the Bolsheviks, advocated gradual development of socialism through reforms.
[1905–10; < Russian men'shevík=mén'sh(iĭ) lesser + -evik, n. suffix]
Men′she•vism (-ˌvɪz əm) n.
Men′she•vist, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Menshevik - a Russian member of the liberal minority group that advocated gradual reform and opposed the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution
socialist - a political advocate of socialism
References in periodicals archive ?
The Manifesto of the First Congress, held in Minsk in 1898, of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, which later split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions, argued that 'The further east one goes in Europe, the politically weaker, more cowardly and meaner becomes the bourgeoisie and the greater the share of cultural and political tasks which fall to the proletariat' (Kommunisticheskaia, 1970, p.
He blamed this in good part on the Minister of Supply, Giorgii Eradze, in the government led by Noe Zhordania, a Menshevik politician and journalist.
Pro- Menshevik president Noe Zhordania and a social-democratic government led the country until March 1921, when it was occupied by the Bolshevik Red Army.
23) from the names of streets assigned to writers, poets or artists to the early Menshevik revolutionaries (p.
The attitude of the Russian Poale Zion Party to the events in Soviet Russia first reflected the negative statements of the Menshevik Party, of which the Poale Zion Party was an integral part.
At the time of the Communist revolution in 1917, the Menshevik Georgian government accused Ossetians of cooperating with the Bolsheviks.
A former Menshevik and Bundist leader, Abramovitch chaired the AFL's American Labor Conference on International Affairs after World War II, edited its journal, The Modern Review (assisted by the young sociologist Daniel Bell, a self-described alienated Jew), contributed frequently to The New Leader and Forverts, and authored a two-volume Yiddish memoir of the 1905 and 1917 Russian revolutions.
7) With the Menshevik and Socialist-Revolutionary opposition parties winning sweeping victories against the Bolsheviks in local Soviet elections during 1921, the regime was forced to abandon all pretences of 'democracy'.
It was part of the group making up the Menshevik (that is, the anti-Bolshevik) wing of the Marxian spectrum.
Martov (or Julius Martov), pseudonym of Yulii Osipovich Tsederbaum (1873-1923), broke with Lenin during the Second Congress of the RSDRP in 1903 and became a leading Menshevik.
Skirda (a long-time historian of anarchism in general and the Makhnovist movement in particular) describes the activities of the Makhnovist movement as they attempted to defend the free soviets (councils) from what they saw as Menshevik and Bolshevik counter-revolution.
The Menshevik list included a national-level Bund leader (A.