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n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.

[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

Men′she·vism n.
Men′she·vist n.


(ˈmɛnʃɪvɪk) or


(Historical Terms) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party, advocating gradual reform to achieve socialism. Compare Bolshevik
[C20: from Russian, literally: minority, from menshe less, from malo few]
ˈMenshevism n


(ˈmɛn ʃə vɪk)

n., pl. -viks, -vik•i (-ˌvɪk i, -ˌvi ki)
(sometimes l.c.) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party which, in opposition to the Bolsheviks, advocated gradual development of socialism through reforms.
[1905–10; < Russian men'shevík=mén'sh(iĭ) lesser + -evik, n. suffix]
Men′she•vism (-ˌvɪz əm) n.
Men′she•vist, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Menshevik - a Russian member of the liberal minority group that advocated gradual reform and opposed the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution
socialist - a political advocate of socialism
References in periodicals archive ?
However, both the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which actually conducted the 1917 revolution, were explicit in their denunciation of terrorist methods.
Russian Interior Ministry has reported of a gunman opened fire in the Menshevik confectionary factory building in Southeast Moscow, claiming the life of at least one person, wounding three and taking several hostages, RIA Novosti reported.
As early as 1909, Menshevik writers introduced the idea of a Russian Thermidor into their popular press and pamphlets.
During most of his Chicago years (1959-65), Haimson headed the Inter-University Project on the History of the Menshevik Movement.
Even when tensions with communists were running high, French socialists seldom claimed the Menshevik legacy.
But there has always been a counter-current to the anti-democratic practices of Leninists past and present, beginning as far back as the Menshevik opposition to Bolshevist repression in the first heady days of the revolution.
He covers the formative years 1868-98: the academic, the influence of Marxism 1898-1905: the revolutionary, revolution and prison 1905-07: the Bolshevik, reflections from Butyrskaia Prison: the intellectual incarcerated 1908-10, applying theory to practice: Siberian exile 1911, the Siberian road to the Duma: more Menshevik than Bolshevik 1912-17, in search of a political compromise 1917-21: the social democrat, and no compromise 1922-27: under Bolshevik surveillance.
Liber--member of the Central Committee of the Menshevik Russian SocialDemocratic Workers' Party.
In the university environment of the Russian fin-de-siecle and immediate aftermath of the 1905 revolution, all three became active in political opposition to the tsarist regime--Tcherikower as a Menshevik, Efroikin in the Jewish Socialist Labor Party (SERP), and Kalmanovitch as a Socialist Zionist.
The Manifesto of the First Congress, held in Minsk in 1898, of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, which later split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions, argued that 'The further east one goes in Europe, the politically weaker, more cowardly and meaner becomes the bourgeoisie and the greater the share of cultural and political tasks which fall to the proletariat' (Kommunisticheskaia, 1970, p.
Upon the latter's break-up, the Democratic Republic of Georgia was founded in May 1918 under the leadership of the Menshevik party.
There are even people who find it scandalous that, once upon a time, there was a Menshevik alternative to Bolshevism.