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n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.

[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

Men′she·vism n.
Men′she·vist n.


(ˈmɛnʃɪvɪk) or


(Historical Terms) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party, advocating gradual reform to achieve socialism. Compare Bolshevik
[C20: from Russian, literally: minority, from menshe less, from malo few]
ˈMenshevism n


(ˈmɛn ʃə vɪk)

n., pl. -viks, -vik•i (-ˌvɪk i, -ˌvi ki)
(sometimes l.c.) a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party which, in opposition to the Bolsheviks, advocated gradual development of socialism through reforms.
[1905–10; < Russian men'shevík=mén'sh(iĭ) lesser + -evik, n. suffix]
Men′she•vism (-ˌvɪz əm) n.
Men′she•vist, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Menshevik - a Russian member of the liberal minority group that advocated gradual reform and opposed the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution
socialist - a political advocate of socialism
References in periodicals archive ?
They dismissed the opposition as Mensheviks ("minority").
As they resisted the idea of a workers' revolution, working-class supporters of the Mensheviks - a moderate socialist party - repeatedly used the word "Thermidor" to warn of what might happen.
Armed resistance from the Social Revolutionaries, the Mensheviks, and the Kadets in Moscow was greater, but the Bolshevik forces eventually took the Kremlin, and Moscow belonged to them.
Lenin's role as the revolution's pre-eminent protagonist continues to come up throughout the issue, starting with the testimonies of Giuseppe Dozza and Battista Santhia on the reception of the Russian delegations in Bologna and Turin after the February revolution when the Mensheviks and socialist revolutionaries were welcomed to workers' shouts of 'Viva Lenin
The Mensheviks introduced a land reform, in which the feudal landlords were expropriated (without compensation) and their land was divided up amongst the peasant farmers as private property.
But Tbilisi's leaders were Mensheviks, not Bolsheviks, and nobody better grasped the complexities of Georgian politics than Lenin's Commissar of Nationalities, Joseph Stalin, a failed priest born in Gori.
The RSDLP, Mensheviks and Bolsheviks alike, openly discussed membership figures at their party congresses even though the party was illegal and infiltrated from top to bottom by the Tsarist secret police.
This is money that the Mensheviks sorely need, so they can squander it on things that won't make life better for anyone outside of K Street.
But in 1947, former Mensheviks were running that magazine, which was fervently anti-Communist, a stance that collides with Wald's argument for the inescapable influence of the CPUSA and its sympathizers.
The Mensheviks formed two bodies, the Soviet and the Duma Committee, which was actually the Russian government until the October revolution.
He was reviled by his former comrades for joining the ranks of the Mensheviks who had ordered Luxemburg's murder and, as the quintessential Jewish Bolshevik, became a figure of hate for the rising National Socialist movement before his death in a bizarre accident in 1930.
12) While crafting a coherent movement, insurgents no longer need a sanctuary where they can iron out their differences as the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks did in London and Switzerland, or the Vietnamese communists did in Paris and Moscow.