mental disorder

(redirected from Mental disability)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical.

mental disorder

n.
Any of various disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or autism spectrum disorder, characterized by a distressing or disabling impairment of an individual's cognitive, emotional, or social functioning.

mental disorder

n
(Law) law (in England, according to the Mental Health Act 1983) mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder, or any other disorder or disability of the mind
mentally disordered adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mental disorder - (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotionmental disorder - (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
psychiatry, psychological medicine, psychopathology - the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
disorder, upset - a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
Asperger's syndrome - a psychiatric disorder usually noted during early school years; characterized by impaired social relations and by repetitive patterns of behavior
anxiety disorder - a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
psychosomatic disorder - a mental disorder that causes somatic symptoms
aberration - a disorder in one's mental state
conversion disorder, conversion hysteria, conversion reaction - a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)
delirium - a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations
delusional disorder - any mental disorder in which delusions play a significant role
encopresis - involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
folie a deux - the simultaneous occurrence of symptoms of a mental disorder (as delusions) in two persons who are closely related (as siblings or man and wife)
personality disorder - inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior
affective disorder, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, major affective disorder - any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
schizothymia - resembling schizophrenia but remaining within the bounds of normality
neurosis, neuroticism, psychoneurosis - a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
dissociative disorder - dissociation so severe that the usually integrated functions of consciousness and perception of self break down
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
In some cases, judges assume that evidence given by a complainant with a mental disability must be scrutinized especially carefully and given less weight, without even hearing expert evidence on how the particular mental disability and life experience of the complainant might affect, if at all, her testimonial capacity.
Approaching casebook writing from the "one toe" rather than "the jumping right in" method, Perlin (New York Law School) overviews how the legal status of persons with mental disabilities has been constructed since the Roman Empire and looks at forensic mental health practice and the perspectives on mental disability law that elucidate the underlying principles.
Their understanding of the afflictions of the aged allows them to determine more easily the difference between the physical versus the mental disability of a client.
For a mental disability, however, this coverage may be limited to a given period of time, such as two years, notwithstanding that the mental disability may be chronic and leaves the individual unable to work.
6 million Canadians with some form of physical or mental disability, the majority of which still earn wages below the median.
VAN NUYS - A missing man with Alzheimer's disease and his daughter who has a mental disability were found by police after they spent the night in a car in South Los Angeles when they got lost, the man's other daughter said Saturday.
Perhaps it is time to frame the concerns of persons with mental disability not simply as a social problem, but as a human rights imperative.
The same goes for adults trying to qualify for Social Security payments for a mental disability.
Teenagers with mental disability report receiving less sex education in school than do their nondisabled peers, and their parents are more often reluctant to discuss reproduction and sexual health with them at home.
Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum, 1847-1901.
The rest have been mental disability claims, said Mr.
The American Bar Association's Commission on Mental & Physical Disability Law has released Handbook on Mental Disability Law, a guide to the laws that define the rights and entitlements of persons with mental disabilities.