metabolism

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Related to Metabolic Reaction: Cellular metabolism, metabolizes

me·tab·o·lism

 (mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. In metabolism some substances are broken down to yield energy for vital processes while other substances, necessary for life, are synthesized.
2. The processing of a specific substance within a living cell or organism: iodine metabolism.

[From Greek metabolē, change, from metaballein, to change : meta-, meta- + ballein, to throw; see gwelə- in Indo-European roots.]

metabolism

(mɪˈtæbəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes that occur in living organisms, resulting in growth, production of energy, elimination of waste material, etc. See anabolism, basal metabolism, catabolism
2. (Biochemistry) the sum total of the chemical processes affecting a particular substance in the body: carbohydrate metabolism; iodine metabolism.
[C19: from Greek metabolē change, from metaballein to change, from meta- + ballein to throw]
metabolic adj
ˌmetaˈbolically adv

me•tab•o•lism

(məˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Compare anabolism, catabolism.
[1875–80; < Greek metabol(ḗ) change (meta- meta- + bolḗ a throw) + -ism]
met•a•bol•ic (ˌmɛt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
met`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.

me·tab·o·lism

(mĭ-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. In metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy, while simpler molecules are used to build complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues. Many metabolic processes are brought about by the action of enzymes.

metabolic adjective

metabolism

the chemical and physical processes in an organism by which protoplasm is produced, sustained, and then decomposed to make energy available. Also, Rare. metaboly. — metabolize, v.
See also: Change

metabolism

1. All of the chemical reactions taking place inside an organism.
2. The array of continuous chemical changes that maintain life in the body. See anabolism, catabolism.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.metabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animalsmetabolism - the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
hemimetabolism, hemimetaboly, hemimetamorphosis - incomplete or partial metamorphosis in insects
heterometabolism, heterometaboly - development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis in which no pupal stage precedes maturity
holometabolism, holometaboly - complete metamorphosis in insects
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
cellular respiration, internal respiration, respiration - the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
basal metabolism - the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
catabolism, destructive metabolism, katabolism, dissimilation - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
fat metabolism - a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
glycolysis - a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
citric acid cycle, Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle - in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
Translations
metabolismusmetabolizmus
stofskifte
aineenvaihdunta
metabolizam
anyagcsere
efnaskipti
代謝
신진대사
ämnesomsättning
กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร
quá trình trao đổi chất
新陈代谢新陳代謝

metabolism

[meˈtæbəlɪzəm] Nmetabolismo m

metabolism

[mɪˈtæbəlɪzəm] nmétabolisme m

metabolism

nStoffwechsel m, → Metabolismus m

metabolism

[məˈtæbəˌlɪzm] nmetabolismo

metabolism

عَمَلِيَةُ الْأَيْضِ metabolismus stofskifte Stoffwechsel μεταβολισμός metabolismo aineenvaihdunta métabolisme metabolizam metabolismo 代謝 신진대사 metabolisme stoffskifte metabolizm metabolismo обмен веществ ämnesomsättning กระบวนการเผาผลาญอาหาร metabolizma quá trình trao đổi chất 新陈代谢

me·tab·o·lism

n. metabolismo, suma de los cambios fisicoquímicos que tienen efecto a continuación del proceso digestivo;
constructive ___anabolismo, asimilación;
destructive ______ destructivo, catabolismo;
basal ______ basal, el nivel más bajo del gasto de energía;
protein ______ de proteínas, digestión de proteínas y conversión de éstas en aminoácidos.

metabolism

n metabolismo; basal — metabolismo basal
References in periodicals archive ?
Tests showed he had 65 milligrams of cocaine in his blood - the legal limit is 10 - and more than 700 milligrams of Benzoylecgonine, a metabolic reaction from taking cocaine.
Sean Michaletz, lead author of the study and a postdoctoral researcher at the UA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology said that this general relationship showed that climate did not influence productivity by changing the metabolic reaction rates underlying plant growth, but instead by determining how large plants could get and how long they could live for.
They believe toxic chemicals in tobacco smoke may have caused changes to inherited DNA that triggered a metabolic reaction in the boys.
12] can be used to develop better understanding of the methionine cycle through an investigation of sensitivity that efficiently elucidate the characteristics of the metabolic reaction system, since, the behavior of the cycle is very complicated due to the fact that some enzymes are activated and inhibited by several intermediates of the cycle.
Scott Carey had been a handsome, comfortable American six-footer with a loving wife and a doting baby daughter when accidental radiation exposure created a freak irreversible metabolic reaction that causes him to shrink a seventh of an inch every day until he disappears altogether This taut, intense novel opens when he is only an inch tall and recounts in excruciating detail his relentless struggle for survival in an alienating, menacing and increasingly meaningless world.
Malignant hyperthermia is an inhertied condition which leaves a person susceptible to a potentially fatal metabolic reaction when exposed to certain anaesthetic agents.
An inquest in South Shields was yesterday told her body was so starved of sugar it had begun to eat into its own fat reserve, causing a metabolic reaction called ketoacidosis, which killed her.
2-4 Oral health is a cumulative reflection of overall metabolic reactions that happen inside the physical body.
Such reconstructions may be general, capturing all the possible metabolic reactions that could occur in any cell type (e.
They demonstrated several metabolic reactions in skin including glucuronidation, sulfation, N-acetylation, catechol methylation, and glutathione conjugation.