The analysis of the so-called reverse Greenland option and the status of micro-states
within the European Union must be seen against this pledge.
And any meaningful development project within such mini-states and micro-states
, fractured along ethnic lines has proved difficult to pull off.
The BTI examined 129 countries with the exclusion of micro-states
, normally with populations of 500,000 or less.
In a federal system, these micro-states
face both domestic and international competition and are concerned about safeguarding their competitiveness.
Originally the Nzema area was fragrnented politically, with a large number of micro-states
, whose fluctuating fortunes are reconstructed in meticulous (indeed, occasionally wearying) detail.
In many cases, the leaked documents expose insider details of how agents would incorporate companies in Caribbean and South Pacific micro-states
on behalf of wealthy clients, then assign front people called "nominees" to serve, on paper, as directors and shareholders for the corporations a disguising the companies' true owners.
Taken together, all this means that after secession the South would have several inefficient micro-states
, some of them strongly divided by prejudice and class distinctions.
Aside from US opposition, it makes no sense for the international financial institutions to exclude Cuba, given their universalist mandate - their membership covers virtually every country on earth, with the exception of Cuba, North Korea and some micro-states
- and history of engagement with needy economies regardless of political proclivities, from Vietnam to Nicaragua.
are mostly too small and too weak to make a difference in the global trade and economic regime.
This broader potential membership includes a very high proportion of less- and least-developed countries, micro-states
, and transitional economies, all of which face particular accession challenges that are examined in the final parr of the article.
A careful study of these countries - mainly post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and a smattering of tiny micro-states
worldwide - suggests that there are three main reasons.
That would mean 3,000 micro-states
, each refusing to accept any sovereignty superior to its own.