microsatellite

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Related to Microsatellites: microsatellite analysis

mi·cro·sat·el·lite

 (mī′krō-săt′l-īt′)
n.
1. A short sequence of DNA consisting of multiple repetitions of a set of two to nine base pairs, used as a genetic marker when individuals differ in the number of repetitions.
2. A small artificial satellite, usually with a mass of less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) when deployed in orbit.

microsatellite

(ˌmaɪkrəʊˈsætəˌlaɪt)
n
(Genetics) genetics a section of DNA consisting of very short nucleotide sequences repeated many times, the number of repeats varying between members of the species: used as a marker in determining genetic diversity, identifying important genetic traits, and in forensics, population studies, and paternity studies
References in periodicals archive ?
The commercial deployer system aims to address the growing market of customers wanting to deploy microsatellites in orbit.
Nanosatellite and microsatellites are miniaturized, low-cost satellites designed for commercial, communication, and space research purposes.
Previous studies indicated that microsatellites markers have great potential for resolving genetic population structure, and an understanding of genetic structure is vital for the management and conservation of cuttlefish resources (Zheng et al.
Microsatellites were amplified in multiplexes (3 to 4 co-amplified loci), with the exception of ETH185.
The success of the Myriade has been demonstrated over the past 12 years by achieving a score of microsatellites for scientific missions, defense and trade.
Microsatellites are the most widely used markers for genetic studies of exploited fishes; however to date homologous markers for the blackfin tuna are not available.
Microsatellites are particularly reliable for studying recent biological invasions (Zygouridis et al.
The underlying mechanism of MSI is dys-regulation of the mismatch repair (MMR) system, which limits cells' ability to correct spontaneous, length-altering somatic mutations that occur with high frequency in microsatellites (3).
Microsatellite instability manifests as small increases or decreases ("instability") in the number of repeats in microsatellites throughout the genome because of defects in mismatch repair (MMR) genes.
In particular, the use of microsatellites has allowed the determine of effective breeding numbers (Ne) through parentage assignments in several species, including Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) [20].
The multidisciplinary team, which includes researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, has created a design for a new DNA microarray that allows them to measure the two million microsatellites (short, repetitive DNA sequences) found within the human genome using 300,000 probes.