Middle voice


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middle voice

The so-called middle voice is an approximate type of grammatical voice in which the subject both performs and receives the action expressed by the verb. In other words, the subject acts as both the agent and the receiver (i.e., the direct object) of the action.
Middle-voice verbs follow the same syntactic structure as in the active voice (agent + verb), but function semantically as passive-voice verbs. As a result, the middle voice is described as a combination of the active and passive voices.
Because there is no verb form exclusive to the middle voice, it is often categorized as the active voice since it uses the same verb structure in a sentence.
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References in periodicals archive ?
She resists a decisionistic interpretation of Heidegger's ethics by pointing to the significance of receptivity, passive activity, and the middle voice for Heidegger's account of action.
Vocal pedagogues fail to agree on a uniform definition, but essentially belting involves a heavier type of vocal production in middle voice with a speech-level, trumpet-like quality--like Ethel Merman, or Glee's Lea Michele--instead of angelic, flutelike high notes.
WNO's music director Lothar Koenigs will conduct the concert which will see mezzo Michelle Breedt perform in Alma Mahler's Four Songs for Middle Voice and in Alexander Zemlinsky's Maeterlinck Lieder, a song cycle composed long after his love affair with Alma Mahler.
WNO's music director, Lothar Koenigs, will conduct the concert which will feature mezzo soprano Michelle Breedt perform in Alma Mahler's Four Songs for Middle Voice and in Alexander Zemlinsky's Maeterlinck Lieder, a song cycle composed after his affair with Alma Mahler.
Rebecca Folsom, on strengthening the core of my middle voice, which is where the role sits vocally for the most part.
Applying the transitivity scale to voice, the active and passive voice are used for high and low transitivity clauses, and the middle voice is used when the transitivity of the clause is somewhere between high and low, and the agent or subject is both the initiator and the endpoint of the action.
The middle voice is like the passive in that what would ordinarily be the object of a transitive verb becomes the subject of the sentence, but it is also different in that the voice distinction is not morphologically distinguished:
Though she improved as the cycle unfolded, the middle voice was so weak and curdled with excessive vibrato that she could sometimes hardly be heard.
In this article we approach the phenomenon of the English middle voice from a functional-cognitive perspective.
Akin to the reflexive, the middle voice always suggests that the agent is interior to the process in question, naming a subject who acts through, upon, or for the self.
LaCapra believes that acting out, which enacts a repetitive resistance to working through trauma, also can be tied to the idea of the discursive equivalent of an extinct rhetorical mode called the middle voice, a model suggested by Hayden White as a form of discourse that might be useful or at least less inadequate than either testimony or interpretation in representing catastrophic events.
But the middle voice of the participle "showed" (epideikynymenai) indicates that the widows were actually wearing the clothes made for them by Dorcas.