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n. pl. Mid·rash·im (mĭd-rô′shĭm, mĭd′rä-shēm′)
Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled between ad 200 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.

[Hebrew midrāš, commentary, explanation, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study; see drš in Semitic roots.]


(ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ)
n, pl midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew midraˈʃim)
1. (Judaism) a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
2. (Judaism) one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
[C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search]
midrashic adj



n., pl. mid•ra•shim (ˌmi drɑˈʃim)
mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot (ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt)
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
2. (cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605–15; < Hebrew midrāsh literally, exposition]
mid•rash•ic (mɪdˈræʃ ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Midrash - (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
commentary, comment - a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"
References in periodicals archive ?
Ziegler creatively demonstrates that midrashic readings can reveal deep strata of textual meaning, and combines these insights with classical and contemporary scholarship to uncover the religious messages of this beautifully crafted story.
It's found in Midrashic tales such as Sarah casting the evil eye on Hagar, and Jacob hiding Dinah in a box to protect her from Esau's evil eye.
Contributors in Jewish and Hebrew studies seek to enlarge the perspective on Midrash and midrashic creativity to show how it is a fundamental form of Jewish culture and has maintained an identifiable coherence and integrity in all its expressions over the course of two millennia.
Midrashic comments suggest that it was not necessarily God's--or man's--praise of the Sabbath, but rather a song by the Sabbath itself in praise of its Creator.
In a boldly creative and moving series of reflections, she likens the imagination necessary for a 36-day Ignatian retreat to midrashic interpretation and treats her readers to an intimate portrait of her own retreat.
There are also references to him having been a member of a small Protestant church for a time and of visiting "the Yeshivah bookshop in Gateshead ('Lehmann's') to find some obscure Midrashic texts".
Simms says the cahiers show that Dreyfus refused to believe that man is inherently evil and preferred what Simms calls "the midrashic concepts of zekhut" the power of good deeds, though Dreyfus uses Christian rather than Jewish terminology.
This is what makes Beth McDonald's piece on Lilith, Adam's first wife according to a Midrashic tradition, as "Goddess, Demon, Vampire" so absorbing.
The resource pages enable teachers and parents to make full constructive use of these deeply enriched midrashic stories and teaching tales for young children.
The latter terms of course are the catalysts that always drive the midrashic hermeneutic tradition.
Knight, Confessing Christ in a Post-Holocaust World: A Midrashic Experiment (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000), pp.