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n. pl. Mid·rash·im (mĭd-rô′shĭm, mĭd′rä-shēm′)
Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled between ad 200 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.

[Hebrew midrāš, commentary, explanation, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study; see drš in Semitic roots.]


(ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ)
n, pl midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew midraˈʃim)
1. (Judaism) a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
2. (Judaism) one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
[C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search]
midrashic adj



n., pl. mid•ra•shim (ˌmi drɑˈʃim)
mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot (ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt)
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
2. (cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605–15; < Hebrew midrāsh literally, exposition]
mid•rash•ic (mɪdˈræʃ ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Midrash - (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
commentary, comment - a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"
References in periodicals archive ?
Their topics include between hermeneutics and rhetorics: the parable of the slave who buys a rotten fish in exegetical and homiletical Midrashim, imitating Dutch Protestants: Jewish educational literature on Biblical history from the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, Midrash Bereshit Rabbah in Christian bindings: a newly discovered medieval Ashkenazic manuscript fragment from Jena, Noachide laws: a viable option as an alternative for full conversion to Judaism, and a queen of many colors.
Neusner has spent years translating, editing, and interpreting Mishna, Tosefta, Yerushalmi, and Bavli, and then integrates into his story on the Judaisms of the sages condensations of midrashim in a comparative study.
Sintio que estaban convergiendo sobre el antiguas maldiciones divinas: recordo a Elias y a Moises, que en la montana se taparon la cara para no ver a Dios; a Isaias, que se aterro cuando sus ojos vieron a Aquel cuya gloria llena la tierra; a Saul, cuyos ojos quedaron ciegos en el camino de Damasco; al rabino Simeon ben Azai, que vio el Paraiso y murio; al famoso hechicero Juan de Viterbo, que enloquecio cuando pudo ver la Trinidad; a los Midrashim, que abominan de los impios que pronuncian el Shem Hamephorash, el Secreto Nombre de Dios," writes Borges in "Tres versiones de Judas" (1989 I 517).
Jewish midrashim on Genesis 11 retain the general motif of the biblical text and read the story of the Tower of Babel as an etiology on how the different languages of the world evolved.
The question of whether midrashim were meant to be understood literally or as parables divided rabbinic sages.
The study focuses on chapter two of Mishnah Sanhedrin, the halakhic midrashim, and passages in the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmud that revolve around this mishnah.
The poems in Pitch are midrashim in the broadest, reverentially textual sense.
She created midrashim, using the biblical text, ancient history, varied commentaries on Genesis, and her own feminine experience and creativity.
60) A variety of midrashim reflect the same concern when they stress Moses' personal limitations--his difficulty, for example, understanding certain matters "all of which God pointed out to him with His finger.
Neusner's comparison between the Amoraic Genesis Rabbah and the Tannaitic Mishnah (and Tosefta) is misleading because arbitrarily he excluded other Tannaitic sources from the discussion--that is: the Tannaitic Midrashim, which were compiled and edited at approximatly the same time as the Mishnah and the Tosefta (cf.
The authors of these midrashim regarded such deviations as pregnant with meaning, and ripe for interpretations which might uncover the Biblical roots of postbiblical practices, thereby answering the enduring question about the origins of such practices: "How do we know this?
In successive chapters he discusses the exegetical debate between Justin Martyr and Trypho, the ideological contest between Jews and Christians in Genesis Rabbah, the contrast between the Dialogue with Trypho and the Mekhita, the Passover and Exodus themes in Origen and rabbinic midrashim, the Songs of Songs (mentioned above), and the Midrash on Ecclesiastes in comparison to Jerome's commentary.