impairment

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im·pair

 (ĭm-pâr′)
tr.v. im·paired, im·pair·ing, im·pairs
To cause to weaken, be damaged, or diminish, as in quality: an injury that impaired my hearing; a severe storm impairing communications.

[Middle English empairen, from Old French empeirer, from Vulgar Latin *impēiōrāre : Latin in-, causative pref.; see in-2 + Latin pēior, worse; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

im·pair′ment n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.impairment - the occurrence of a change for the worseimpairment - the occurrence of a change for the worse
alteration, change, modification - an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; "the change was intended to increase sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"
detriment, hurt - a damage or loss
deformation, distortion - a change for the worse
ravel, ladder, run - a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking"
2.impairment - a symptom of reduced quality or strength
decay - an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying; "the corpse was in an advanced state of decay"; "the house had fallen into a serious state of decay and disrepair"
corrosion - a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action
desolation, devastation - the state of being decayed or destroyed
decrepitude, dilapidation - a state of deterioration due to old age or long use
wear - impairment resulting from long use; "the tires showed uneven wear"
3.impairment - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitnessimpairment - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness; "reading disability"; "hearing impairment"
bandy leg, bandyleg, bowleg, genu varum, tibia vara, bow leg - a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee)
anorgasmia - absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
dysphasia - an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage
unfitness, softness - poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition (as from a life of ease and luxury)
disability of walking - a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
astasia - inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
amputation - a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
hearing disorder, hearing impairment - impairment of the sense of hearing
dysomia - impairment of the sense of smell
vision defect, visual defect, visual disorder, visual impairment - impairment of the sense of sight
descensus, prolapse, prolapsus - the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)
hypesthesia, hypoesthesia - impairment of tactile sensitivity; decrease of sensitivity
genu valgum, knock-knee, tibia valga - an inward slant of the thigh
pigeon toes - disability in which the toes are turned inward; often associated with knock-knee
bandy legs, bow leg, bow legs - outward curvature of the legs
disintegration - a loss (or serious disruption) of organization in some system; "a disintegration of personality"
4.impairment - damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
scathe, damage, harm, hurt - the act of damaging something or someone
5.impairment - the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
degradation, debasement - changing to a lower state (a less respected state)

impairment

noun disability, disorder, defect, complaint, ailment, affliction, malady, disablement, infirmity He has a visual impairment in his right eye.

impairment

noun
An act, instance, or consequence of breaking:
Translations
إضْعاف
zhoršení
skadesvækkelse
megrongálódásrongálódás
skaîi; hrönun
boz mazarar verme

impairment

[ɪmˈpɛəmənt] N (physical, mental) → discapacidad f; (= deterioration) → deterioro m

impairment

[ɪmˈpɛərmənt] nhandicap m
a visual impairment → un handicap visuel

impairment

n
no pl (= weakening: of judgement, mental functions) → Beeinträchtigung f
(= defect)Schaden m; hearing/visual impairmentHör-/Sehschaden m; speech or language impairmentSprachfehler m

impair

(imˈpeə) verb
to damage, weaken or make less good. He was told that smoking would impair his health.
imˈpairment noun

impairment

n discapacidad f, trastorno, deficiencia, pérdida; hearing — discapacidad auditiva
References in periodicals archive ?
Complete report on Mild Cognitive Impairment pipeline spread across 93 pages, analyzing 11 companies, 21 drug profiles and supported with 28 tables and 15 figures is now available at http://www.
Efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 in mild cognitive impairment with neuropsychiatric symptoms: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multi-center trial.
The study included 100 participants with mild cognitive impairment, 100 Alzheimer's disease patients, and 121 normal individuals.
Despite its high prevalence in the community, mild cognitive impairment in relation to vascular dementia is not a current research priority with research tending to focus predominantly on Alzheimer's.
The company is presently to begin the study, 'A Phase III Safety and Efficacy Study of ALZT-OP1 in Subjects with Evidence of Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment due to Suspected Alzheimer's Disease' by the fourth quarter of 2014.
His study cohort included 471 patients (295 with mild cognitive impairment and 176 healthy controls).
Over a period of between one and a half to six years, declines in reconstructive memory processes were reliable predictors of future progression from healthy aging to mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's dementia, and better predictors than the best genetic marker of such diseases.
It is the first to show that an exercise intervention with older adults with mild cognitive impairment (average age 78) improved not only memory recall, but also brain function, as measured by functional neuroimaging (via fMRI).
In addition, for every 1% increase in the 1-year rate of hippocampal atrophy, patients with mild cognitive impairment experienced significant declines in the MMSE, audio verbal learning test, immediate memory, category fluency, and trail making.
And genetic testing seems to be a better diagnostic tool for predicting whether a healthy person will develop mild cognitive impairment than for predicting whether an impaired person will develop dementia.
A recent study funded by the National Institute on Aging from the Mayo Clinic and published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease has found that people 70 and older who eat food high in carbohydrates have nearly four times the risk of developing mild cognitive impairment, and the danger also rises with a diet heavy in sugar.
The participants will be assessed for levels of stress and any progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia.