Minamata disease


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Min·a·ma·ta disease

 (mĭn′ə-mä′tə)
n.
A degenerative neurological disorder caused by poisoning with a mercury compound found in seafood obtained from waters contaminated with mercury-containing industrial waste.

[After Minamata, a town of western Kyushu, Japan.]

Min•a•ma′ta disease`

(ˌmɪn əˈmɑ tə)

n.
a severe form of mercury poisoning characterized by neurological degeneration.
[after Minamata Bay, Japan, source of fish poisoning in 1953–58]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Minamata disease - a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration
mercury poisoning - a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury; acute mercury poisoning causes a metallic taste and vomiting and diarrhea and kidney problems that may lead to death
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Minamata disease is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning.
The report notes that 65 per cent of Grassy Narrows and White Dog First Nations people diagnosed with Minamata Disease by Japanese experts were not acknowledged by the Mercury Disability Board which uses outdated criteria developed in the 1980s.
10 near Minamata, Japan - site of the notorious Minamata disease, a mercury-related illness that has killed or maimed thousands of the area's inhabitants - health and environmental activists from around the world sent a letter to Dentsply CEO Bret W.
Ten years later there was a similar epidemic in Iraq in which 6,000 people developed a form of Minamata disease that involves peripheral blindness (termed tunnel-vision blindness) and paralysis syndrome (the technical description of MS).
The convention is named after one of the largest mercury contaminations in history, which occurred as a result of a decade's long mercury poisoning from spills from a company that dumped wastewater containing methyl-mercury near the fishing village of Minamata, and resulted in people developing a neurologically debilitating disease called Minamata disease.
In 1957 scientists gave the ailment a name: Minamata disease.
The woman, who was born in Minamata, Kumamoto, and lived in Toyonaka, Osaka Prefecture, before her death in March at 87, filed the suit to seek official recognition as a Minamata disease patient.
Mercury exposure can lead to such neurological problems as Minamata disease, alter fetal brain development, harm learning and reduce the IQ of children.
Despite this evidence, Japanese researchers with the National Institute for Minamata Disease claim that there is no cause for alarm since they have not yet found any cases of neurological methylmercury toxicity.
Minamata disease, for example, was officially recognised as a pollution sickness in 1956, after local people were paralysed by eating fish and shellfish caught in Minamata Bay in Kyushu.
Gov't to accept settlement for Minamata disease suit: Hatoyama