Mishnah


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Mishnah: Talmud, Midrash

Mish·nah

also Mish·na  (mĭsh′nə)
n. Judaism
1. The first section of the Talmud, being a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures as compiled about ad 200.
2. A paragraph from this section of the Talmud.
3. The teaching of a rabbi or other noted authority on Jewish laws.

[Mishnaic Hebrew mišnâ, repetition, instruction, from šānâ, to repeat; see ṯn in Semitic roots.]

Mish·na′ic (mĭsh-nā′ĭk) adj.

Mish•nah

or Mish•na

(ˈmɪʃ nə, mɪʃˈnɑ)

n., pl. Mish•na•yoth, Mish•na•yot (ˌmɪʃ nɑˈyɔt) Mish•nahs. Judaism.
1. the collection of oral laws compiled about a.d. 200 and forming the basic part of the Talmud.
2. an article or section of this collection.
[1600–10; < Medieval Hebrew mishnāh literally, teaching by oral repetition]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mishnah - the first part of the TalmudMishnah - the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200
Talmud - the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
References in periodicals archive ?
The New Testament and the Mishnah (Repetition) were "the most concrete fruits" of the claim of each to be the "true Israel"; both texts offered a hermeneutical key to their respective communities for actualizing (and ritualizing) the Scriptures and at the same time marked the parting of the two religions (47-48).
46) For example, Avot d'Rabbi Natan (B) comments on the opening phrase in Mishnah Avot, "Moses received the Torah from Sinai": "Not from the mouth of an angel, nor from the mouth of a seraph, but from the Holy One, blessed be He.
Torah And Company: The Weekly Portion Of Torah, Accompanies By Generous Helpings Of Mishnah And Germara, Served Up With Discussion Questions To Spice Up Your Sabbath Table by Judith Z.
In the ethical tractate of the Mishnah, Ethics of the Fathers, Judah ben Tabbai warns against acting like an advocate.
As Seder M'Kablie HaTorah (a work dating from the Geonic period; roughly 700-1000 CE) recounts: "From the days of Moses until Hillel, there were six hundred orders of Mishnah just as they were given unto Moses at Sinai.
When I first began to speak on the utility of my own tradition to my science some years ago, Columbia Religion Professor David Weiss-Halivny gave me a reference in Mishnah Sanhedrin which has a commentary on the book of Genesis that makes this point with special elegance.
According to the Mishnah, which is a record of oral interpretations of the Hebrew Scriptures, abortion is only permitted when a woman is in "hard travail" and her life is in danger.
The overgrowth of Jewish law, he continues, was pruned by the codes of the Mishnah (200 C.
They owned their very identity as a people to the Torah, with its interpretive commentaries, the Mishnah and the Midrash.
holidays mentioned in the Mishnah, which is the oral interpretation of scriptural laws, compiled by rabbis since around the year 200.
See Exodus 22:20-21, 23:5; Leviticus 19:9,19:33, 25:17, 25:35; Deuteronomy 15:7-11, 22:8, 23:16-17; Proverbs 25:21; Mishnah, Avot 3:14; Talmud, Shabbat 63a.
According to the Mishnah (Yoma), the commandment against taking Yahweh's name in vain was so important t at, in the days of the Jewish temple, the sacred name was pronounced only seven times by the high priest on the Day o Atonement (Yom Kippur).