Later, as a senator, he played pivotal roles in the Missouri Compromise
, which in 1820 drew a supposedly permanent line between slave states and free; in the nullification crisis of the 1830s, when South Carolina attempted unilaterally to defy federal law; and in the Compromise of 1850, which averted civil war over the question of allowing slavery in the western territories.
Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise
, federal legislation which admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine (out of Massachusetts) as a free state.
Separate episodes in slavery that are explained include the Atlantic Slave Trade, the Missouri Compromise
, the Amistad Rebellion, and King Cotton.
This is the land of Elijah Lovejoy, the Missouri Compromise
, Dred Scott, the East St.
Dividing the Union: Jesse Burgess Thomas and the Making of the Missouri Compromise
It's interesting to look at Lincoln's 1852 eulogy for Henry Clay, who had acquired the sobriquet "the Great Compromiser" for his role in brokering the Missouri Compromise
and the Compromise of 1850.
Halfway to everything, neither truly North nor South, and neither East nor West, this state best illustrated its political and geographic ambivalence through the Missouri Compromise
This spring marks the 160th anniversary of the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise
of 1820 and opened the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, previously closed to slavery, to the possibility that those territories and states evolving from them could be slave.
The Wilmot Proviso caused a great stir both because it cast a shadow on the territorial rewards of the Mexican War and because of the friction it would have created with the Missouri Compromise
: the proviso would have prohibited the introduction of slavery into the newly acquired territory south of 36 degrees 30 minutes, contrary (in the view of many) to the spirit of the Missouri Compromise
Until the 1850's, with the important exceptions of the Missouri Compromise
of 1820 and the admittance of Texas into the Union in 1845, the central issue dividing the country was the tariff.
Proslavery and abolitionist factions had forged a precarious peace with the Missouri Compromise
of 1820, but each side now saw an opportunity to gain the upper hand.
This precarious equipoise between democratic aggrandizement and the domestic tyrannies of slavery and Indian removal culminated in two key episodes of US political history parallel to Irving's literary production: the Missouri Compromise
(1819-1821)--aiming to resolve the body politics internal imbalances--and the Monroe Doctrine (1823)--destined to present a homeostatic American body politic in the eyes of the world.