It explores the daimon and its relationship to fortune, gods, and lots, discussing the ideas of Plutarch and Vettius Valens, good and bad daimons, the cultural pair of Tyche and Daimon, the influence of Egypt on the Agathos Daimon, and the bad daimon in the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, Jewish, and Christian traditions; similarities, differences, and fluidity between gods and daimons from the perspective of Gnosticism and Mithraism
, Hermetic and magical texts, lore on the decans, and the ideas of Porphyry; and the daimon and the lot from the perspective of Plato's Myth of Er and four astrological lots (Fortune and Daimon, and Eros and Necessity).
15) Their religion is a blend of Mithraism
, Mazdaism, and Zoroastrianism and has taken on elements of Christianity and Islam.
Its article on Mithraism
is surprisingly honest about Jesus' similarity to earlier Mithra (or Mithras), admitting Mithra's December 25th birth date, as well as ".
The religion, often slandered as "devil worshipers," is a syncretic incorporation of proto-Indo-European religions, Persian Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, Sufism, and regional paganism such as Mithraism
In the interest of unity in his empire, Roman Emperor Constantine deliberately blurred the distinctions between Christianity, Mithraism
and Sol Invictus.
During the AD's, Mithraism
has such developed in Roman Empire that even the Roman-Persian wars did not affect his dignity" .
An interesting reference to Syria's cultural heritage was the discovery of paintings in the Synagogue depicting limited aspects of Mithraism
which was widely viewed as a mystery religion practiced in the Roman Empire between the first and 4th century.
Pir is the highest rank in Mithraism
However, the point I am trying to convey here is that the omission of any references in the specific writings considered earlier to Iranian culture (including the Zoroastrian tradition, for instance, but for the same reason one can cite Manichaeism or Mithraism
The modern religions, from Mithraism
to Christianity set man above Nature.
The original structure of the building and a window through which the sun shines directly in the equinoxes suggest that it was a temple of Mithraism
, an unofficial religion in the Roman Empire.
Romans increasingly turned to Eastern "mystery cults" such as Mithraism
and, eventually, to Christianity because these faiths offered a more adequate and satisfying approach to life and death.