They recollected a wagon-train of Oregon settlers that'd been killed by the Modocs four years before.
When they was Indian-fightin' up there with the Modoc Indians, a lot of the miners an' settlers took a hand.
On February 14, 1864, the Modocs contacted Judge Elisha Steele, the man Abraham Lincoln had appointed to head Indian Affairs in Northern California in 1863 and who is credited with giving Kientpoos the name "Captain Jack," in the hopes that he would be able to draft a treaty for them.
According to historian Manu Vimalassery, "the language of the unratified treaty bears interest beyond its illumination of the power imbalance between Modocs and the US government" (2011, 1), and certainly the evocation of settlement as the resolution of conflict circulates provocatively in the treaty alongside the notion of "the unsettled country" evoked in its sixth article: "Indians, except in the unsettled country, or when hunting, shall not pack (carry) guns or bows and arrows; shall not bring them into the white settlement, except to get them repaired; and when you come into the settlements you shall leave your guns in camp" (Potter, Keam, and Steele 1999, 1390).
2) In any event, on 1 June 1873, Kientpoos and his fellow Modocs were in Army custody.
Within a short time, however, the Modocs regretted their decision.
The writings indicate that the men traveled to the Oregon-Northern California border specifically to witness the execution of the Modocs, "but we don't know what their motive was in doing it," Kepple said.
In the early 1820s, when traders from the Hudson's Bay Company arrived in the area, the Modocs began trading with them.
One hundred years later, the descendants of the Modocs are again on the defensive.
Here, 130 years ago, bands of native Modoc guided by native leaders Schonchin and Captain Jack eluded the US Cavalry, hid among the mountains and fought back against a much greater military force.
One tribe that did resist was the Modocs of Northern California.
As a result, the settlers persuaded their politicians in 1864 to remove the Modocs to a reservation in Oregon.