Mohs scale


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Mohs scale

 (mōz)
n.
A scale for classifying minerals based on relative hardness, determined by the ability of harder minerals to scratch softer ones. The scale includes the following minerals, in order from softest to hardest: 1. talc; 2. gypsum; 3. calcite; 4. fluorite; 5. apatite; 6. orthoclase; 7. quartz; 8. topaz; 9. corundum; 10. diamond.

[After Friedrich Mohs (1773-1839), German mineralogist.]

Mohs scale

(məʊz)
n
(Minerals) a scale for expressing the hardness of solids by comparing them with ten standards ranging from talc, with a value of 1, to diamond, with a value of 10
[C19: named after Friedrich Mohs (1773–1839), German mineralogist]

Mohs′ scale`

(moʊz)
n.
a scale of hardness for minerals, consisting of the following degrees, in increasing hardness: talc 1; gypsum 2; calcite 3; fluorite 4; apatite 5; orthoclase 6; quartz 7; topaz 8; corundum 9; diamond 10.
[1875–80; after French. Mohs (1773–1839), German mineralogist]

Mohs scale

(mōz)
A scale used to measure the relative hardness of a mineral by its resistance to scratching. There are ten standard minerals on this scale, ranging from talc, the softest (measuring 1 on the scale), to diamond, the hardest (measuring 10 on the scale).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mohs scale - a scale of hardness of solidsMohs scale - a scale of hardness of solids; talc is 0 and diamond is 10; ordering is determined by which substance can scratch another substance
graduated table, ordered series, scale, scale of measurement - an ordered reference standard; "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"
References in periodicals archive ?
The face is encased in a durable clear sapphire crystal rated 9 on the Mohs scale.
0 on the Mohs scale, and is capable of scratching all other minerals.
Appendixes include a glossary, a bibliography, information on energy production and consumption, the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, and the periodic table of elements.