Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Any of several Christian doctrines of the second and third centuries ad that attempted to maintain monotheism and the unity of the Godhead, thereby denying the independent hypostasis of God the Son. Monarchianism was condemned as heretical by the Christian church in the fourth century.

[From Latin Monarchiānī, the Monarchians, from monarchia, monarchy; see monarchy.]

Mo·nar′chi·an n.


(məˈnɑr ki əˌnɪz əm)

any of several Christian doctrines in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D., emphasizing the unity of God.
[1835–45; Monarchian (< Late Latin monarchiānus; see monarchy, -an1) + -ism]
Mo•nar′chi•an, adj., n.
Mo•nar′chi•an•ist, n.


a 2nd- and 3rd-century Christian doctrine that maintained that God is a single person as well as a single being. — monarchian, adj.
See also: Christianity
References in periodicals archive ?
Marxist ideology has its roots in a modern version of the ancient heresy of Monarchianism as interpreted by Hegel and Schelling; following Erik Peterson, Ratzinger draws attention to the fact that, like its modern counterpart, Monarchianism in the fourth century also gave rise to what is alien to Christianity, namely a political theology (cf.
Justin exploited this argument for his anti-Jewish and antidualistic polemical needs, just as a few decades later Tertullian and Hippolytus of Rome reused this argument against monarchianism.
He suggests that contemporary hermeneutics could interpret trinitarian doctrine as a series of roles played by God--thereby affirming modalistic monarchianism, which trinitarian thought explicitly repudiated.
Whether Jesus is God and man or not was the subject of a long and bitter controversy among early Christians in doctrines such as Arianism or Monarchianism.
Above all, the presentation would have benefited from a global, rethinking of the complex and problematical notion of Monarchianism, which appears only in a footnote on page 138.