###Unknown, possibly smoke###Larvae found and reared from###Gardiner (1957a)
carolinensis (Olivier, 1792), Mar (4)-Sep (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl.
Effects of temperature on growth of Beauveria bassiana F-263, a strain highly virulent to the Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus
alternatus, especially tolerance to high temperatures.
Kairomonal responses of Coleoptera, Monochamus
titillator (Cerambycidae), Thanasimus dubius (Cleridae), and Temnochila virescens (Trgogositidae) to behavioral chemicals of southern pine bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).
2006) has demonstrated the efficacy of vacuum alone to kill wood-boring beetles (Hylotrupes bajulus and Monochamus
Kairomonal responses of Coleoptera Monochamus
titillator (Cerambycidae), Thanasimus dubius (Cleridae) and Temnochila virescens (Trogositidae), to behavioural chemicals of southern pine bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).
For example, females of the whitespotted sawyer beetle Monochamus
scutellatus lay eggs in areas of pine bark over which the males compete.
titilliator Fabricius) (Coulson & Witter 1990).
After attack by pine moth caterpillars, the weakened trees are open to attack by the larvae of the longhorn beetle Monochamus
urussovi (family Cerambycidae, order Coleoptera), which destroy their wood.
Pine wilt disease is caused by the pinewood nemarode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Plate 1) (Steiner et Buhrer) Nickle (Kiyohara and Tokushige 1971), which is vectored by a pine sawyer beetle native to Japan, Monochamus
alternatus Hope (Plate 2) (Mamiya and Enda 1972, Morimoto and Iwasaki 1972).
Smart-traps combined with molecular on-site detection to monitor Monochamus
Sensilla on the antennal flagellum of the sawyer beetles Monochamus
notatus (Drury) and Monochamus
scutellatus (Say) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).