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Hall suggested there were two types of timekeepers: monochronic and polychronic (Frei, Racicot, & Travagline, 1998).
Hall (1959) introduced three basic components to comprehend various aspects of cultures: monochronic and polychronic time orientation, proxemics and high context and low context culture.
Views toward time will be investigated from two perspectives: 1) Hall's monochronic (M-time) and polychronic (P-time) classification?
An introduction to monochronic and polychronic time.
Monochronic individuals prefer to do things in a structured and linear manner and employ a one-step-at-a-time approach (Lee, Tan, & Hameed, 2006).
Moreover, effect of a person's polychronic or monochronic time style has vital concern in understanding his or her personal approach to time management at the work (Madjar and Oldham, 2006).
In our work we talk about two temporal mindsets: monochronic and polychronic.
Other cultural dichotomies, such as monochronic versus polychronic (how important is punctuality, or avoiding interruptions?
Transcultural managers in open organisations will have to understand that matters more important than money and pure profit fulfil the interest of a business community open to dialogue and emotional exchange (Rusinko, 2010; Shrivastava, 2010), whereas many western organisational practices are prone to monochronic behaviour.
18) Cultures tend to organize time differently, and they all follow either the monochronic pattern, if they are considered low context cultures, or the polychronic pattern, if they are considered high context cultures.
APPENDIX 2 Cultural Differences Between Americans and the French Cultural Dimension Americans Communication Low context, direct and to the point Task Orientation Monochronic, serial, doing one thing at a time, resolve one & move on to next, sequentially eliminate alternatives.
Monochronic cultures reduce the experience of sacred time down to infrequent special occasions and holiday celebrations, while opening the door to the modern metaphor of time as money.
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