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n. pl. mo·nop·te·roi (-tə-roi′)
A classical structure consisting of a circle of pillars supporting a domed roof, often serving as a temple.

[Latin monopteros, consisting of a monopteros, having a single row of columns and no cella : Greek mono-, mono- + Greek pteron, wing, winglike thing (perhaps on the model of Greek peripteros, flying or going all around, having a single row of columns all around); see pet- in Indo-European roots.]


(mɒnˈɒptəˌrɒs) or


n, pl -teroi (-təˌrɔɪ) or -tera (-tərə)
(Architecture) a circular classical building, esp a temple, that has a single ring of columns surrounding it
[C18: Late Latin from Greek, from mono- + pteron a wing]
monˈopteral adj
References in periodicals archive ?
63km2) and has plenty of interesting features within its boundaries, including a Japanese teahouse and a Greek-style Monopteros temple created by Leo von Klenze.
Abbreviations: BIN2: BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 2; CLE: CLV3/ESR-related; GSK3: Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3; LRR-RLK: leucine-rich repeat-receptor-like kinase; MIDD1: microtubule depletion domain 1; NAC: NAM, ATAF1,2, and CUC2; PCD: programmed cell death; ROP: Rho of plants; ROPGEF4: ROP GDP/GTP exchange factor 4; ROPGAP3: ROP GTPase-activating protein 3; TDIF: tracheary element differentiation inhibitory factor; TDR: TDIF receptor; NST: NAC SECONDARY WALL THICKENING PROMOTING FACTOR; SND1: SECONDARY WALL-ASSOCIATED NAC DOMAIN PROTEIN1; VND: VASCULAR-RELATED NAC-DOMAIN; VISUAL: Vascular cell Induction culture System Using Arabidopsis Leaves; WOX: WUS-related HOMEOBOX; ZEN1: zinnia endonuclease 1; TOM5: TARGET OF MONOPTEROS 5.
This hypothesis is supported by the decrease in mRNA abundance, during second week, of GH1 and Monopteros, two genes participating in the auxin response [16, 17] and by the increase in steady-state RNA of the auxin down-regulated gene ADR12-2 [18] at third and fourth week.