monoterpene

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Related to Monoterpenes: Diterpenes

monoterpene

(ˈmɒnəˌtɜːpiːn)
n
(Chemistry) chem an isoprene unit, C5H8, forming a terpene
References in periodicals archive ?
Of those compounds, there were 11 terpenoids (4 monoterpenes and 7 sesquiterpenes) common to the lauraceous hosts, which can be regarded as constituting a generalized bouquet or 'volatile signature' of the Lauraceae (Table 1).
Other protective plant chemicals found in grapefruits include phenolic acid, which inhibits the formation of cancer-causing nitrosamines; limonoids, terpenes, and monoterpenes, which induce the production of enzymes that help prevent cancer; and bioflavonoids, which inhibit the action of hormones that promote tumor growth.
Leaf components of most Bursera species generally include only two or three groups, such as monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and/or alkanes.
The first two are significantly richer in sesquiterpenes than the latter, which contains monoterpenes (Costa et al.
The chemical composition of the essential oils that were used in this study was previously determined by our research group (22,23) and monoterpenes was related as the majority constituents.
gamma]-Palmitolactone 2100 cis-Linoleic acid 2120 9,12-octadecadien-1-ol, (Z,Z)- 2123 n-Tricosane 2300 2300 n-Pentacosane 2500 2500 GROUPS OF COMPONENTS Monoterpenes Oxygenated monoterpenes Sesquiterpenes Oxygenated sesquiterpenes Polyacetylenes Aliphatic acid and esters Other compounds Not identified Total Oil volume, % Compound Percentage composition Chamomilla Chamomilla recutita suaveolens [alpha]-Pinene tr tr Sabinene -- -- [beta]-Pinene# 0.
Among the 10 components investigated, there are two monoterpenes, one sesquiterpene and seven oxygenated derivatives.
The purpose of this study was to investigate emissions during storage of solid wood fuels by measuring both the emission of monoterpenes and the formation of aldehydes during storage of undried sawdust, dried sawdust, and pellets.
Of about 500 carabid species that have been chemically investigated, this is the first report of the presence of such complex mixtures of monoterpenes in their defensive secretions.
It is well known that the presence of some monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes in plants could help them against predators through some protection mechanism.
The other monoterpenes tested showed no response from X.