Issues of interpretation are by no means lacking when working with material evidence, as when considering possible Montanist
associations of inscriptions throughout Asia Minor.
The activity of the Montanist
prophetesses Priscilla and Maximilla, including their reception by the group that later prevailed as "orthodox," is a good example of this tension in the early church.
One historian notes, "It is difficult to believe that the man who wrote the Apology is the same man who wrote On the Military Crown about fourteen years later, though the later document is a product of his Montanist
[and thus, extremely sectarian] point of view.
Tertulian, avocat, increstinat, preot spre sfarsitul vietii, eretic devenit montanist
, este primul scriitor latin crestin.
Like the Montanist
, an arrogant distinction was drawn between its superior members (The Elect) and the Outsiders (The Hearers).
In his entry on "Penitents," Broughton notes that, at one time, sinners who had committed one of these three sins performed a life-long, martyr-like penance, but were still denied readmission into the Church community--a direct link to Tertullian's Montanist
For a summary of bibliography, with particular reference to European scholarship, see Prinzivalli 2001: 221-225 (especially useful on the history of the text and its authorship, the interpretation of Perpetua's visions recorded in the Martyrdom, the possibility of Montanist
influence, and structure; add Bremmer 2002.
when a restricted, orthodox canon triumphed over the texts and teachings of "heretics," Montanist
, Manichaean, and Gnostic alike.
Tertullian as a "defector" to a Montanist
church [8, 169] rather than as a sympathizer of the "New Prophecy" movement), the material in the three sections makes the book useful for beginning master's students, as do the bibliographical references to primary texts in translation.
His theology and spirituality lacked balance and stability, and as a result he ended his life outside the great church in a Montanist
Laura Nasrallah examines how references to ecstatic prophecy and accusations of irrationality played a role in certain key disputes regarding the nature of authority in early Christianity, specifically those surrounding the so-called Montanist
The moral tracts, on such subjects as Baptism, Modesty, and Penitence, spread over his literary career, become more rigid under the Montanist
teachings which (e.