Lesions in the dolphins we examined were not those typically seen in classic acute morbillivirus infections, and diagnosis required IHC testing and RT-PCR.
Fatal cetacean morbillivirus infection in an Australian offshore bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus).
Morbillivirus infections in aquatic mammals: a brief overview.
Emerging morbillivirus infections of marine mammals: development of two diagnostic approaches.
in wildlife (in relation to their population biology and disease control in domestic animals).
This high population density was likely to favor the propagation of morbillivirus infections
Similar to infections in terrestrial hosts, morbillivirus infections
may occur in marine mammals in cycles without overt clinical disease in susceptible animals, as documented for harbor seals (2,3).
In the past, fatal morbillivirus infections
have been reported in various cetacean and seal species.
As with other morbillivirus infections
, PPRV needs close contact between infected and susceptible animals to spread (10).
Since early July 2013, a widespread die-off of > 500 bottlenose dolphins occurred along the US mid-Atlantic Coast that probably resulted from morbillivirus infection
Lesions characteristic of morbillivirus infection
were found in tissue specimens from dead seals.
15) speculated that pilot whales may serve as vectors of morbillivirus infection
to other odontocete cetaceans.