mortify

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mor·ti·fy

 (môr′tə-fī′)
v. mor·ti·fied, mor·ti·fy·ing, mor·ti·fies
v.tr.
1. To cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride.
2. To discipline (one's of the body and the appetites) by self-denial or self-inflicted privation, especially for religious reasons.
v.intr.
1. To practice mortification of the body and its appetites.
2. To undergo mortification; become gangrenous.

[Middle English mortifien, to deaden, subdue, from Old French mortifier, from Latin mortificāre, to kill : mors, mort-, death; see mer- in Indo-European roots + -ficāre, -fy.]

mortify

(ˈmɔːtɪˌfaɪ)
vb, -fies, -fying or -fied
1. (tr) to humiliate or cause to feel shame
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (tr) Christianity to subdue and bring under control by self-denial, disciplinary exercises, etc
3. (Pathology) (intr) to undergo tissue death or become gangrenous
[C14: via Old French from Church Latin mortificāre to put to death, from Latin mors death + facere to do]
ˈmortiˌfier n
ˈmortiˌfying adj
ˈmortiˌfyingly adv

mor•ti•fy

(ˈmɔr təˌfaɪ)

v. -fied, -fy•ing. v.t.
1. to humiliate or shame, as by an injury to pride or self-respect.
2. to subjugate (the body, passions, etc.) by abstinence, ascetic discipline, or self-inflicted suffering.
3. to affect with gangrene or necrosis.
v.i.
4. to practice mortification or disciplinary austerities.
5. to become gangrened or necrosed.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French mortifier < Late Latin mortificāre to put to death = Latin morti-, s. of mors death + -ficāre -fy]
mor′ti•fi`er, n.
mor′ti•fy`ing•ly, adv.

mortify

- From Latin, meaning "kill or subdue the flesh," it originally meant "to kill," then "to destroy the vitality or vigor of," before it took on its present meaning.
See also related terms for subdue.

mortify


Past participle: mortified
Gerund: mortifying

Imperative
mortify
mortify
Present
I mortify
you mortify
he/she/it mortifies
we mortify
you mortify
they mortify
Preterite
I mortified
you mortified
he/she/it mortified
we mortified
you mortified
they mortified
Present Continuous
I am mortifying
you are mortifying
he/she/it is mortifying
we are mortifying
you are mortifying
they are mortifying
Present Perfect
I have mortified
you have mortified
he/she/it has mortified
we have mortified
you have mortified
they have mortified
Past Continuous
I was mortifying
you were mortifying
he/she/it was mortifying
we were mortifying
you were mortifying
they were mortifying
Past Perfect
I had mortified
you had mortified
he/she/it had mortified
we had mortified
you had mortified
they had mortified
Future
I will mortify
you will mortify
he/she/it will mortify
we will mortify
you will mortify
they will mortify
Future Perfect
I will have mortified
you will have mortified
he/she/it will have mortified
we will have mortified
you will have mortified
they will have mortified
Future Continuous
I will be mortifying
you will be mortifying
he/she/it will be mortifying
we will be mortifying
you will be mortifying
they will be mortifying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been mortifying
you have been mortifying
he/she/it has been mortifying
we have been mortifying
you have been mortifying
they have been mortifying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been mortifying
you will have been mortifying
he/she/it will have been mortifying
we will have been mortifying
you will have been mortifying
they will have been mortifying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been mortifying
you had been mortifying
he/she/it had been mortifying
we had been mortifying
you had been mortifying
they had been mortifying
Conditional
I would mortify
you would mortify
he/she/it would mortify
we would mortify
you would mortify
they would mortify
Past Conditional
I would have mortified
you would have mortified
he/she/it would have mortified
we would have mortified
you would have mortified
they would have mortified
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.mortify - practice self-denial of one's body and appetites
mortify, subdue, crucify - hold within limits and control; "subdue one's appetites"; "mortify the flesh"
discipline, condition, train, check - develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control; "Parents must discipline their children"; "Is this dog trained?"
2.mortify - hold within limits and control; "subdue one's appetites"; "mortify the flesh"
mortify - practice self-denial of one's body and appetites
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
3.mortify - cause to feel shamemortify - cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss"
spite, wound, bruise, injure, offend, hurt - hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
demolish, smash, crush - humiliate or depress completely; "She was crushed by his refusal of her invitation"; "The death of her son smashed her"
demean, disgrace, degrade, take down, put down - reduce in worth or character, usually verbally; "She tends to put down younger women colleagues"; "His critics took him down after the lecture"
4.mortify - undergo necrosis; "the tissue around the wound necrosed"
rot, waste - become physically weaker; "Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world"

mortify

verb
1. humiliate, disappoint, embarrass, shame, crush, annoy, humble, deflate, vex, affront, displease, chagrin, discomfit, abase, put someone to shame, abash She mortified her family by leaving her husband.
2. discipline, control, deny, subdue, chasten, abase The most austere of the Christians felt the need to mortify themselves.

mortify

verb
1. To deprive of esteem, self-worth, or effectiveness:
Idioms: bring low, take down a peg.
2. To cause (a person) to be self-consciously distressed:
Translations
يُذِل، يُؤْلِم النَّفْس
pokořitponížit
ydmyge
labai įsižeistilabai įžeistilabai pažeminti
aizvainotjusties pazemotampazemot
çok utanmakküçük düşmek

mortify

[ˈmɔːtɪfaɪ]
A. VTavergonzar
I was mortified (to find that ...)me moría de vergüenza (al descubrir que ...)
B. VI (Med) → gangrenarse

mortify

[ˈmɔːrtɪfaɪ] vtmortifier

mortify

vt usu pass
(= shame)beschämen; (= embarrass)äußerst peinlich sein (+dat); he was mortifieder empfand das als beschämend; (= embarrassed)es war ihm äußerst peinlich; embarrassed? I was mortified!peinlich? ich wäre am liebsten im Boden versunken!; a mortified lookein äußerst betretener Gesichtsausdruck
(Rel) → kasteien
(Med) → absterben lassen; to be mortifiedabgestorben sein
vi (Med) → absterben

mortify

[ˈmɔːtɪˌfaɪ] vtmortificare

mortify

(ˈmoː(r)tifai) verb
be/feel mortified to be/feel extremely embarrassed or humiliated: He was mortified when she slapped him.
mortifying adjective
How mortifying for you!
ˌmortifiˈcation (-fi-) noun

mortify

vt. mortificar; mortificarse, sentirse mortificado-a.
References in classic literature ?
It is true that this people has a natural disposition to goodness; they are very liberal of their alms, they much frequent their churches, and are very studious to adorn them; they practise fasting and other mortifications, and notwithstanding their separation from the Roman Church, and the corruptions which have crept into their faith, yet retain in a great measure the devout fervour of the primitive Christians.
Seeing the Unblotted Escutcheon turning black with what he supposed to be the record of his own misdeeds showing through the whitewash, the Orator fell dead of mortification.
I could only satisfy her that not so much as the shadow of disappointment or mortification rested on my mind.
I can understand your mortification at the tone in which it is written, and your distress at the manner in which this unhappy woman has interpreted the conversation that she overheard at your house.
You shall read, in some of the friars' books of mortification, that a man should think with himself, what the pain is, if he have but his finger's end pressed, or tortured, and thereby imagine, what the pains of death are, when the whole body is corrupted, and dissolved; when many times death passeth, with less pain than the torture of a limb; for the most vital parts, are not the quickest of sense.
But when he had drunk some milk, he felt ashamed immediately at having shown his annoyance to a stranger, and he began to laugh at his hungry mortification.
Mortification set in, and they had to amputate him.
He had suffered so painfully three years before from the mortification to which his wife had subjected him that he now protected himself from the danger of its repetition, first by not being a husband to his wife, and secondly by not allowing himself to suspect.
In the course of an hour he returned laden with buffalo meat, to the great mortification of the two regular hunters, who were annoyed at being eclipsed by a greenhorn.
She had soon the mortification of seeing Mr Elliot withdraw, and no one of proper condition has since presented himself to raise even the unfounded hopes which sunk with him.
But there is in my nature a strain of asceticism, and I have subjected my flesh each week to a more severe mortification.
Henry, flushing in mortification and anger, rose to advance upon De Montfort, but suddenly recollecting the power which he represented, he thought better of whatever action he contemplated, and with a haughty sneer turned to his courtiers.